state怎么读_state是什么意思和用法

时间:2022-3-28 作者:英语外教网

state怎么读

英[steɪt]美[steɪt]

state是什么意思

情况

国家

政府

美国

形势

状况, 情形

状态

地位

身分

形态

心态

兴奋状态

美国国务院

美国的州

威严

豪华

adj.(形容词)

州的,邦的

正式的,官方的

国家的,政府的

国事的

国务的,公务的

仪式用的

来宾用的

华丽的,壮丽的

州营的

国家提供的

国事礼仪的

隆重的

v.(动词)

陈述,声明,说明,讲,说出

指定,确定,规定

【数】用符号或代数式表示

声言,断言,声明,宣称

叙述,表述

总结

下笔

亮出,公布

排定

state的例句

She wept to see him in such a state.她一见他那种情形簌簌泪下。

The house has fallen into a state of neglect.这所房屋已处于荒废的状态。

The head of state was deposed by the army.国家元首被军队废黜了。

Alaska is a state of ample size.阿拉斯加是个大州。

用作形容词(adj.)

He was wary of telling state secrets.他小心翼翼以免泄漏国家机密。

She teaches in a state university.她在一所州立大学任教。

The Queen is on a state visit to Moscow.女王正对莫斯科进行国事访问。

用作动词(v.)

Please state the facts honestly.请如实地陈述事实。

They do not state that she is ( or is not ) a good teacher.他们没有声明她是(或不是)一个好教师。

State your name and address.请说出你的姓名和地址。

常见句型

Air whether in the gaseous or liquid state is a fluid.
空气,无论是气态的或是液态的,都是一种流体。

That country is now an independent State.
那个国家现在是个独立的国家。

Railways in Britain belong to the State.
英国的铁路归国家所有。

These industries are run by the State.
这些工业是由国家经营的。

The state is now protecting the forest resources against exhaustion.
该国正在保护其森林资源免遭乱砍滥伐。

Young people should pay attention to the affairs of state.
青年应该关心国家大事。

She retained the best lawyer in the state to defend her case.
她为了她的案子聘用了该州最好的律师。

Which state do you come from?
你是哪个州的?

The Queen drove to the palace in state.
女王威严地乘车前往王宫。

The goodwill mission was received in state.
友好使团受到了隆重的接待。

The opening of Parliament is one of the great state occasions.
议会的开幕式是极其隆重的盛典之一。

Does private education skim off all the best students from the state system?
私立教育会把最优秀的学生从国立教育中都选走吗?

Industrial investments form an important part of state expenditure.
工业投资是国家开支的一个重要组成部分。

~+of n./pron.

The area is in a state of armed conflict.
这地区已处于武装冲突的状态。

The army is in a high state of readiness.
军队处于高度戒备状态。

The school buildings are in bad state of repair.
校舍亟待大修。

They sampled the population to find out the state of public opinion.
他们从人口中抽样以了解民意状况。

They are very concerned about the state of the churchyard.
他们对于教堂墓地的状况非常关心。

His general state of health is fairly satisfactory.
他的总的健康状况相当令人满意。

The insurance company is trying to find out which driver is culpable for the state of events.
保险公司试图发现哪个司机有过失。

用作动词(v.)用作及物动词S+~+ n./pron.

State your name and address.
讲清你的姓名和地址。

He stated his problem clearly.
他把问题叙述得很清楚。

He stated his case before a judge.
他在法官面前陈述了自己的看法。

Would you please state your frank opinion of the plan?
请坦率地谈谈您对这项计划的看法好吗?

S+~+that-clause

The witness stated that he had not seen the woman before.
该证人说他从未见过那个女人。

I heard the official state that no children were to be admitted.
我听到那位官员说,孩子都不允许入内。

The spokesman stated that the agreement would be signed on 30 March.
该发言人声称协议将于3月30日签字。

It states in the newspaper that there will be a meeting tomorrow.
报纸报道,明天有个会议要召开。

It is/was ~ed+that-clause

It is stated that the fire started in a cottage.
据说火是从一间小屋里烧起来的。

It is semiofficially stated that he has resigned his place on the committee.
据半官方的消息说,他已辞去了在委员会的职务。

S+~+wh-clause

Please state exactly what these legal terms mean.
请说明这些法律术语的确切含义。

Please state whether you are married or single.
请说明你是已婚还是未婚。

用作宾补动词S+~+ n./pron. +to be n.

They stated themselves to be members of a secret society.
他们宣称自己是一个秘密社团中的成员。

S+~+ n./pron. +to have v -ed

They stated the diamond to have been stolen.
他们宣称钻石已被偷了。

其他v -ed as Attrib.

Theatre tickets must be used on the stated date.
戏票必须在指定的日期才有效。

state的用法

state作名词的基本意思是“状态,状况”,指人或物在外观、心灵、健康等方面的自然“状态”或“情况”,是可数名词,常用于in a state of…的结构。

state还可作“国家”解,如强调其政治实体性时,首字母常大写; 不强调政治实体性时则首字母可小写。state还可作为一个国家中的“州,邦”解,作此解时是可数名词。

state还可作“盛礼,隆重的仪式”解,一般是与政府或统治者有关的机构举行的活动,是不可数名词。

v.(动词)

state的基本意思是“陈述”,常指在正式或庄重的场合陈述观点、看法等,而且这种陈述常含有仔细、详尽而明确的意味。

state一般用作及物动词,接名词、代词、that从句、带疑问词的从句作宾语。还可接以“to be+ n. ”或to have+ v -ed充当补足语的复合宾语。

state常用于“It is/was stated that…”结构。

state相比于say表达更正式,常用于正式的公文或者商业文件,表示“说,陈述,声明”。

The chairman stated that the contract would be signed on 16th April.
The teacher said that he had to go back to classroom soon.

一般情况下,我们可以说The negotiations are stated to have broken down.而不能说They state the negotiations to have broken down;

state首字母s大写,表示为“国家”,例:the political policy of the State;

state也可以来指我国古代春秋战国时期的“国”,the…State或State of…表示“…国”,如the Lu Stat或the State of Lu,the Warring States表示为“战国”;

the United States of America是正式通用的名称,简写the States。The (United) States (of America) is a republic of the old type.这里state用is,做单数名词。美国人称美国国家为America,称自己为Americans,不同其它国外的人一样称它为the United States of North America。美国人自己也不 把the United States简称作the States;

在美国state有时候指“州”,有时候指“国”,例:State bank,State prison,State university都指“州的”,但State Department是“国务院”不是“州的部”,States在澳大利亚指澳大利亚的各州。

词源解说

☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的status,意为站姿。

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