small怎么读_small是什么意思和用法

时间:2022-3-27 作者:英语外教网

small怎么读

英[smɔːl]美[smɔːl]

small是什么意思

小的,极小的

小规模的,小型的,小号的

些微的,琐细的

幼小的,年幼的

不重要的

小写的

卑劣的

小心眼儿的

不多的,少的

为情况不太坏而庆幸

显得矮人一截,愧不如人

吝啬的

adv.(副词)

小小地,细小地

小声地

(成为)小块地

轻轻地

小气地

卑鄙地,轻蔑地

小规模地,小型地

些微地

n.(名词)

后腰,腰部

小件衣服,小件物品

细小部分,狭小部分

小物,小东西,琐碎东西,零星物品

身分低的人

儿童,矮小的人

幼小的动物

内衣裤,短裤

v.(动词)

(使)变小

small的例句

This coat is too small for me.这件上衣对我来说太小了。

I need to buy a small transistor radio.我需要买一台小的半导体收音机。

The penalty clause was hidden in the small print.惩罚条款印在不起眼的小号字体部分。

She was born in Dominica in the Caribbean and came to Britain as a small child.她出生在加勒比海的多米尼加共和国,年幼时来到英国。

I can’t get by on such a small salary.我薪水这么少无法生活。

His words had a small part in her decision making.他的话在她作决定时只起了很少的作用。

He played a small part in the play.他在这出戏里演一个小角色。

It’s such a small point that it’s hardly worth talking about.这个问题一点都不重要,都不值得讨论。

Many black slaves were flogged to death for quite a small fault.许多黑奴因一点很小的过失而被鞭打致死。

It is small of her to wish for payment.她还希望得到报酬, 真小气。

用作副词(adv.)

He writes so small I can’t read it.他字写得太小,我看不清。

He came in,and spoke small to his hatchet men.他走了进来,对他的几名职业刺客轻声说了些什么。

用作名词(n.)

He felt a sharp pain in the small of his back.他感觉后腰一阵剧痛。

常见句型

The small room is thick with audience.
小房间坐满听众。

People in far northern countries sometimes form small houses out of bricks of ice.
住在极北部国家的人有时用冰块建造小房子。

The story took place in a faraway small village.
这故事发生在很远的一个小村庄里。

The pupils were formed into four small groups.
小学生被分成四个小组。

The sturdy footbridge would easily support the weight of a small truck.
这座结实的小桥完全可以承受一辆小卡车的重量。

The small pocket dictionary was expanded into a full-sized one.
那本袖珍词典已扩展成为一本大型词典。

In sampling, we choose a small number of items which we think are typical of the whole and examine the sample.
在采样时,我们选择少量我们认为是代表整体的东西,并对这个样本进行研究。

The bad weather is responsible for the small attendance.
天气恶劣是到场人数不多的原因。

There was only a small number of people there.
那儿只有少数的人。

A ragged shout went up from the small crowd.
这一小群人发出了刺耳的喊叫。

Would a small child know about it?
小孩能懂这事吗?

I lived in the countryside when I was small.
我小时候住在乡下。

A mouse is a small animal.
老鼠是一种小动物。

You should not be so fearful of those small flying insects. They are not harmful.
你不必如此害怕那些小飞虫,它们是无害的。

My father was a small shopkeeper.
我父亲是小业主。

He is a small businessman.
他是个小商人。

Only a small man would behave so badly.
只有卑鄙的人其行为才会如此恶劣。

He is a man of no small curiosity.
他是一个有强烈好奇心的人。

Don’t bother him with that small matter.
那样的小事,别去麻烦他了。

There are times when even the smallest mistake will make him lose his rag.
有时候甚至小小的错误也会使得他大发脾气。

There are only small differences between the two translations.
这两种译本间只有细微的区别。

They took their seats at the small round table.
他们在一张小圆桌旁坐了下来。

His father is a weak small spare old man.
他父亲是一个瘦弱的小老头儿。

He runs a small retail shop.
他开了一间小的零售店。

A snail is a small plant-eating creature with a soft body.
蜗牛是一种小型的软体草食动物。

用作表语S+be+~

My influence over her is small, so she won’t do as I say.
我对她起不了多大的影响,她不会按我的话去做的。

Our income has got smaller, so we must be realistic and give up our car.
我们的收入减少了,所以我们得面对现实,把车卖掉。

He is small but sturdy.
他个子小但健壮。

Her features are small and regular.
她的容貌小巧端正。

S+be+~+ prep .-phrase

This hat is too small for me.
这顶帽子我戴太小。

The boy is small for his age.
就年龄来说这男孩的个子小了些。

S+be+~+to- v

The pitch is too small to play football on.
球场太小了,没法踢足球。

The hat is too small to serve.
这个帽子太小了,不适用。

It is/was+~+of sb+to- v

It is small of her to wish for payment.
她还希望得到报酬,真小气。

用作宾语补足语S+V+O+~

He criticized her in front of her colleagues and made her face very small.
他当着她同事的面批评了她,使她感到非常丢脸。

small的用法

small可指体积、程度、数量、价值、力量、重要性等的“小的,少的”; 也可指“幼小的,年幼的”,在句中用作定语。

small表示“小规模的,小范围的”“小气的,心胸狭窄的”,通常用作定语; 表示“些微的,几乎没有的”,与不可数名词连用,通常用作定语。

small还可表示为“不重要的,微不足道的,微小的”。

small的比较级为smaller,最高级为smallest。

词义辨析

这组词的共同意思是“小”。其区别是:

little和small在修饰物时,前者着重数量不多、少; 后者侧重于程度和尺寸的大小。little和small用来修饰人时,前者侧重于因年龄小而使身形娇小,后者则侧重于指比一般人身材矮小,含有比较的意味。另外, little还含有一种small所没有的感情色彩,往往含有“小得可爱”“小得可怜”等意思。tiny比little和small更强调小,含有“微不足道”的意思。例如:

There is little gasoline left in the tank.油箱里没有多少汽油了。

The boy is small for his age.这男孩身材小得同年龄不相称。

He lived in a tiny cottage all by himself.他一人住在一间很小的茅屋里。

little,small,tiny,minute,miniature

这些形容词均有“小的”之意。

little指在体积、数量、距离、年龄、身材等方面比正常的小,多带主观感情色彩,含小而可爱或小巧的意味。

small多指数量、面积、体积、价值、数字或意义等的小或少,指略小于正常的大小。

tiny强调与同类或其他物体比较,小得超出正常比例,有时带强烈的感情色彩。

minute指小得难看见,有时需用显微镜才看得见。

miniature指由正常体积微缩的物体。

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