say怎么读_say是什么意思和用法

时间:2022-3-26 作者:英语外教网

say怎么读

英[seɪ]美[seɪ]

say是什么意思

说,讲,说话,讲话

讲述,说明,宣称

把…说的确切,确定

表明,指明

表达,传达,表达意见

报道,预报

念,背诵

假定,假设,比如说

约摸地说,估计

指示,叫

即是,亦即

n.(名词)

发言权

要说的话,所说的话,意见

发言机会

名言,箴言,格言

最后决定权(常与the连用)

细哔叽

adv.(副词)

大约,约摸

例如

int.(感叹词)

(用以引起注意或表示惊叹,忽然想起等)喂,听着,这不

say的例句

He said hello to me with a smile.他面带微笑地和我打了个招呼。

She said that she liked singing.她说她喜欢唱歌。

He will of course say yes to my proposal.他一定会同意我的建议的。

Be quiet, I’ve something to say to you.安静, 我有话要对你们讲。

Why don’t you make it another time, say Friday?为什么不改个时间,比如说星期五?

You may learn to play the violin in, say, three year.你可以,比如说,在三年内学会拉小提琴。

The clock says three o’clock.这表三点钟了。

用作名词(n.)

We are considering giving them greater say in such matters.我们正考虑在这样的事情上给他们更多的发言权。

We had no say in the decision to sell the company在决定出售公司的问题上,我们没有发言权。

Don’t interrupt her, let her have her say.别打断她,让她把意见说出来。

I shall have my own say in the matter.我会把自己对这个问题的想法说出来。

常见句型

It is hard to say.
很难说。

You may well say so.
你完全可以这么说。

Easier said than done.
说起来容易做起来难。

Don’t ask me what I think of him because I cannot say.
不要问我对他有什么看法,因为我真的说不上来。

用作及物动词S+~+ n./pron.

He glared angrily at her but did not say a word.
他怒视着她,却一言不发。

Enid could not say one tender word.
艾尼达连句亲切的话也说不出来。

Have you said your words yet?
你的话说完了吗?

Please open your mouth and say “ah”.
请张开口说“啊”。

Say all you know and say it without reserve.
知无不言,言无不尽。

The actors said their lines perfectly.
演员们的台词背得很熟。

I stood up to say my repetition.
我站起来背诵我应背的文章。

The boy was saying his lessons.
那男孩子在老师面前背诵课文。

My watch says ten to four.
我的表上是三点五十分。

The fact that she gave the money back says a lot about her honesty.
她把钱送回来这事很能说明她为人诚实。

Have you said your prayers?
你祈祷过了吗?

The radio says heavy rain in the afternoon.
电台预报今天下午有大雨。

1

This poem can be both said and sung.
这首诗歌既可以念又可以唱。

S+~+to- v

She says to meet me at the station.
她说在车站接我。

The guidebook says to turn left.
导游书上说向左拐。

S+~+wh-to- v

Please say which course to take.
请说明上哪节课。

I will say how to use this word.
我将说明如何使用这个单词。

S+~+(that-) clause

He said that he had never been to Shanghai.
他说他从来没去过上海。

He said that he’d like to see you.
他说他想和你见一面。

He said that his friend’s name was Sam.
他说他朋友的名字叫山姆。

He says that he really can’t afford to wait another day.
他说他实在不能再等一天了。

I would say that the bookcase contains about 1000 books.
我估计这个书橱装有上千册书。

They say that it is a fine film.
他们说那是一部好片子。

People said that we could reach it in a day’s march.
据说我们要走一天才能到。

The letter says that he will come next week.
信上说他下周要来。

She was smiling but her eyes said that she was unhappy.
她在微笑,但是她两眼的表情说明她并不愉快。

The forecast says that there’s going to be a storm this afternoon.
天气预报说,今天下午可能会有暴风雨。

These tracks say that a rabbit has passed by here.
这些足迹显示有只兔子经过这里。

Let’s say your plan fails; then what do we do?
假如你的计划失败,那我们该怎么办。

Well, say it were true, what then?
好吧,就算这是真的,又怎么样?

Let’s say that you are right.
我们姑且认为你是正确的。

He says that he can’t afford to buy it.
他说他买不起。

S+~+wh-clause

Everyone was saying what a handsome couple they made.
大家都说他们是郎才女貌的一对。

Say what you have seen.
讲讲你看到了什么。

She said what a splendid boy he was.
她说他是个多么出色的男孩子。

He said what was in his mind, that is, gave his opinion.
他把心里的话都说出来了,也就是说发表了自己的意见。

She did not say what he expected her to do.
她没有讲出他指望她干什么。

Nobody could say when the war would end.
天晓得这场战争何时能结束。

Say which you will have.
你说要哪一个。

It is/was said+that-clause

It is said that he has gone to Beijing.
据说他已经到北京去了。

It is said that they cancelled the order for 300 trucks.
据说他们撤销了300台卡车的订货。

It was said that he was a very good doctor.
据说他医术高明。

引出直接引语

The shepherd said,“No,I didn’t hang my sheep,I hanged a wolf in sheep’s clothing.”
羊倌说:“不,我捆吊的不是羊,而是披着羊皮的狼。”

“Please hurry,” she said.
她说:“请快点。”

~+so/not

“Do you think it will rain?”“I should say so/not.”
“你认为会下雨吗?”“我想会的〔不会的〕。”

So he says.
他这么说。

其他as Parenth.

Any one, let’s say Smith, could do it.
无论哪一位,比方说史密斯,都能做此事。

Let’s take a walk, say, in the park.
咱们去散步吧,就在公园里怎么样?

There were, say,20 people there.
那儿有大约20人。

He will probably come here in, say, five minutes.
他可能在大约五分钟后赶到。

Would you take an offer of, say 500 pounds for your car?
要是给你开个价,比方说500英镑吧,你卖不卖这辆车?

用作名词(n.)

We are considering giving them greater say in such matters.
我们正考虑让他们在这种问题上有更大的决定权。

Everyone had a say in making the decision.
在作出决定时每个人都发表了自己的意见。

People want a much greater say in how the country should be governed.
人们对于应怎样治国要求有更多的发言权。

The workpeople had no say in how their factory was run.
工人们在工厂管理方面没有发言权。

He wanted to paint the room green but his wife had already chosen pink and he had no say in the matter.
他想把这间屋子漆成绿色,但他的妻子却已决定要刷成粉红色的,他在这件事上没有发言权。

She had no say in the choice of a husband; her parents had all the say.
她无权选择自己的丈夫,父母却有权包办一切。

say的用法

say的基本含义是指把自己的思想或观点通过言语表达出来,使人明白其意图,即“说,讲”,着重所说话的内容,引申还可指“预告”“说明”“表明”“宣称”“背诵”等。

say还可以作“比方说,假定说”解,是let’s say的省略说法,用作插入语。

say可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后可接名词、代词、动词不定式、带疑问词的不定式或that/wh-从句作宾语。也可引出直接引语。可用于被动结构。有时还可用一般现在时表过去。

say引出直接引语时,如果主句是放在引语之前,主句中的主语不管是名词或是代词,主谓均不倒装; 如果主句是放在引语之后或是插在引语之中,主语是代词时,主谓也不倒装,主语是名词时,主谓常可倒装。

“It is/was said that…”结构的意思是“据说”。

say后有时可跟替代词so或not。

n.(名词)

say作名词的意思是“决定权,发言权”,指人们对某一件事或物发表看法或观点之权。常用于单数形式,也可用作不可数名词。用单数形式时,常与不定冠词a连用。

have a say意为“有发言权”; have the say意为“有决定权”; have said one’s say意为“利用机会表达自己的意见”。

词源解说

☆ 直接源自古英语的secgan,意为说,讲。

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