order怎么读_order是什么意思和用法

时间:2022-3-20 作者:英语外教网

order怎么读

英[‘ɔːdə(r)]美[‘ɔːrdər]

order是什么意思

秩序,整齐

次序,顺序

命令,指示

治安

教团

勋章

状况

订购,订货

勋爵士团

汇票

等级,阶级,阶层

结社

良好的状况,条理

v.(动词)

命令,吩咐,嘱咐

整理,调整,整顿

订购,购,要求供应,订货

指挥

布置,安排

叫,点,点菜

处, 处理

建立(秩序)

处(方)

下令,指挥

定制,要求

要求提供服务

order的例句

Today we’ll reverse the usual order of the lesson.今天我们将把通常的上课顺序倒过来。

The house had been kept in good order.房子保持得井井有条。

An extraordinarily large order bucked up all the staff.一份特大订单使全体员工欢欣鼓舞。

The order urged the armed forces to enhance their alertness.该项命令敦促武装部队提高警惕。

Some teachers find it difficult to keep order in their classes.有些教师觉得课堂秩序很难维持。

The social order of ants is very interesting.蚂蚁的社会结构非常有趣。

The rose and the bean families belong to the same order.蔷薇和豆类属于同一种类。

He gave his order to the waiter.他把他点的东西告诉服务员了。

用作动词(v.)

The commander ordered a counterattack.司令官命令反攻。

He ordered three new suits for himeself.他给自己定购了三套西装。

I must have time to order my thoughts.我得找时间调整一下思路。

I’ve ordered egg and chips for you.我给你点了鸡蛋和炸土豆条。

常见句型

Some teachers find it difficult to keep order in class.
有些老师觉得维持课堂秩序不容易。

The merchant received a large order of coal.
那商人收到一份购买大量煤的订单。

Do you wish to place an order at this time?
您希望这就订购吗?

He cancelled his order for the goods.
他取消了货物订单。

We are glad to advise you that your orders have been received.
我们高兴地通知贵方:订单已经收到。

He gave orders for the work to be started at once.
他下令立即开始那一工作。

He refused to take orders from such a foolish fellow.
他拒绝接受这样愚蠢家伙的命令。

These orders must be carried out at once.
这些命令立刻执行。

The well-disciplined soldiers carried out their orders without question.
训练有素的士兵们毫无疑问地执行了命令。

The Queen has decreed her order.
女王已经颁布了她的命令。

Government has decreed a new order.
政府颁布了一项新命令。

They offered him the banker’s order £5000 but he didn’t accept it.
他们给他5000英镑的银行汇票,但他没有接受。

He was given the Order of the Garter.
他被授予英国最高勋位。

We’ll show you whose order it is.
我们就要让你看看到底是谁的规矩。

There is no peace and order in this town.
这个城镇治安极差。

The captain’s order is that the men should blaze away.
上尉命令说士兵要连续射击。

She entered orders as a girl.
她从小就出家当尼姑。

~+to- v

The order to kill the person must be acted on by soldiers.
杀掉那个人的命令须由士兵执行。

He entered an order to be a monk.
他出家当了和尚。

~+that-clause

In defiance of doctors’ orders that he shouldn’t travel for a year, he arrived in Lagos last week.
他不顾医生要他在一年之内不得出访的劝告,于上星期到达了拉科斯。

用作动词(v.)用作及物动词S+~+ n./pron.

They ordered general strike after the failure of the talks.
谈判失败之后,他们下令举行总罢工。

The doctor ordered a strict diet.
医生嘱咐严格控制饮食。

Then he ordered the landing of marines there.
于是他下令海军陆战队在那里登陆。

Now you are old enough to order your own affairs.
现在你已经长大,能料理自己的事情了。

He always orders his life according to strict rules.
他总是按照严格的规律安排生活。

They ordered quantities of farm implements.
他们订购了大量农具。

It may be one of the secretary’s duties to order office supplies.
订购办公用品也许是秘书的职责。

You can order tickets by telephone.
你可以电话订票。

What would you like to order?
你要点什么?

It’s time we ordered dinner.
我们该点菜了。

1

An investigation has been ordered.
已下令进行调查。

The ambassador has been ordered home.
大使已奉召回国。

The work was all properly ordered, just as he wanted it.
工作安排得井井有条,就像他要求的那样。

The goods were all specially ordered.
这批货都是特别订购的。

S+~+that-clause

We ordered that the enemy soldiers should lay down arms.
我们命令敌兵放下武器。

The judge ordered that he should be punished.
法官宣布他被判刑。

用作双宾动词S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.

He ordered himself a set of Encyclopedia .
他订购了一套《百科全书》。

He ordered himself a cup of cocoa.
他给自己要了一杯可可。

S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.

The doctor has ordered absolute quiet for me.
医生要我绝对保持安静。

I’ve ordered an air ticket for you.
我已为你预订了一张机票。

What shall I order for you?
我给你点什么菜呢?

用作宾补动词S+~+ n./pron. +to- v

The police ordered them to wait right there.
警察命令他们呆在那儿等待。

He ordered the gas masks to be put on.
他命令戴上防毒面具。

The captain ordered the ship’s masts to be cut down.
船长下令将船桅砍断。

1

The company commander was ordered to withdraw before dawn.
该连队奉命拂晓前撤退。

The guerrillas were ordered to destroy the enemy’s fort.
游击队奉命去摧毁敌人的碉堡。

S+~+ n./pron. + adj./adv./prep.- phrase

The doctor has ordered me quiet.
医生吩咐我要安静。

He ordered me away.
他命令我走开。

S+~+ n./pron. + v -ed

He ordered the piece taken off the lathe.
他吩咐把工件从车床上拿下来。

A district court ordered the hospital closed.
一个地区法院下令关闭这所医院。

order的用法

order作“次序,顺序”“治安,秩序”“整齐,有条理”解时,是不可数名词。作“订购,订货”“命令,嘱咐”“汇票,汇单”解时,是可数名词。

order的复数形式orders可指一条命令,可接动词不定式或that从句作定语,也可接that从句,中心谓语动词要用虚拟式。

order在表示“勋章”时,要带定冠词the,order的第一个字母要大写,其后接of。

order作“…级”“种类”“方式”等解时是可数名词。

peace and order的意思是“和平和秩序”,指的是“治安情况”。在与no连用时表示“治安情况极差”。

in order可作“有条有理”“整齐”“情况正常”解,在句中作表语或补语。out of order的意思是“(机器)坏了”“(身体)有病了”“不妥当”“违反会议规程”等。

in order to的意思是“以…为目的”,在句中作状语,后接动词原形; 而in order that的意思是“以便”“以至于”,在句中引导状语从句。

v.(动词)

order用作动词时的基本意思是“命令”“建立秩序”,即命令某人去某地或做某事,引申可表示为“整理”“布置”,即消除不和谐与混乱,或接受严格的纪律、秩序。order还可表示“签订订单”“订购”“预订用餐”等。

order是及物动词,接名词、代词、虚拟的that从句作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词for的宾语,还可接形容词、副词、介词短语、过去分词、动词不定式、that从句作补足语的复合宾语。

order所接的宾语从句中的谓语动词要用虚拟式,美式英语中should可省略。

order作名词时,在有些词组中前面不加冠词a/an/the,如in alphabetical order,in order of arrival,by order(奉命)等;

order作名词,在有些句子中要用复数形式orders。

They received orders to start at once.
He is under orders to leave for Moscow next Monday.

order作名词或动词指“命令”时,语气较重,不能用在家人间。

He ordered his son to buy a newspaper for him.
这种表达方式是错误的

order作动词或名词指“命令”时,后面可跟that从句,从句中用虚拟现在式。

He orders that the work (should) be started at once.

order作动词,后可跟宾语和不定式,不可直接跟不定式。

He ordered them to start the work at once.

order作名词指“订单”时,后面跟介词for。

We have sent an order for a hundred copies of the book.
我们下订单订了一百份这本书。

order作名词指“订单”时,可跟动词execute或fill(美语中常用)表示“按照订单交货”。

Your order for a hundred copies of the book has been executed/filled already.

order后可跟双宾语.

My mother has ordered me a new suit.

作名词时,order后还可跟for和款项表示订单金额。例:money/postal/post-office order for ¥200;

in order to比单用to更加正式且语气重,口语中很少用in order to。正式程度从大到小:in order to,so as to,to。表目的还可以跟从句in order that;

in order在不同语境中有多重含义。

Everything is in order.
一切正常有序。

The typewriter is in order.
这台打字机工作正常。

A fresh discussion of the question is now in order.
现在正适合重新讨论这问题。

词源解说

☆ 13世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古法语的ordre;最初源自拉丁语的ordinem,意为序列。

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