open怎么读_open是什么意思和用法

时间:2022-3-20 作者:英语外教网

open怎么读

英[‘əʊpən]美[‘oʊpən]

open是什么意思

公开的,公然的

开的,开着的,敞开的,打开的

开放的

开阔的,空旷的

出入自由的

敞口的

未决定的

空缺的

展开的

可分享的

选择自由的,取舍自由的

直率的

无顶的

愿意接受的

v.(动词)

开,打开

开口,裂开

张开,展开,铺开

开放

开始,启动,宣布启用

使畅通,让通行

展现

公开

变广(大)

发达

广阔地展开,伸展

通向,朝向

【医】切开,割开

开垦,开发,开辟

启发

使开张(营业),开业

开设

使开

开展

睁开

准备接待

以…开篇,以…开头

为(建筑物)揭幕

表明

被看见

显露出

n.(名词)

户外,野外

旷野,空地,旷场

公开,非秘密

【体】公开赛

汪洋大海

露天

开叫

扣空网球

开放面

高尔夫球比赛

空旷

open的例句

The fresh air blew in from the open window.新鲜空气从开着的窗户吹进来。

One day, I came home to find my garage open.有一天,我到家时发现车库的门是开着的。

She has fall asleep with an open book in her lap.她睡着了,腿上还摊开着一本书。

I’m so sleepy that I can hardly keep my eyes open.我睡意太浓,眼睛都快睁不开了。

How late are they open for skiing?滑雪会开放到多晚?

Some of the royal palaces are open to the public.皇宫内有些地方是向公众开放的。

I’m not convinced your idea will work, but I’ll keep an open mind for the moment.我还没想通是否你的意见可行,不过我先考虑一下。

Their love affair is an open secret.他们的风流韵事是公开的秘密。

The argument boiled over into open war.争论演变成了公开的论战。

The dollar declined on the open market.美元在公开市场上下跌了。

These goods are to be procured through open tender.这些货物要用公开招标的方法购买。

用作动词(v.)

Can you open the bottle with the opener?你能用启子将瓶子打开吗?

Please open a window to allow the air to circulate.打开窗子让空气流通。

You may open a current account at a bank.你可以在银行开立一个活期帐户。

Another supermarket opened last week.上星期又有一家超级市场开张了。

The shops usually open at nine o’clock.商店一般在九点钟开始营业。

The story opens with a snowstorm.故事以一场暴风雪开始。

The book opens with a quotation.这本书以引语开头。

The Queen opens Parliament.女王宣布议会开会。

用作名词(n.)

In the summer, we camped in the open .夏天我们在户外野营。

All of his dealings are in the open.他的一切交易往来都是公开的。

Now the scandal is out in the open, the President will have a lot of questions to answer.由于丑事已公开, 总统有许多问题要答覆。

常见句型

The open wound soon became infected.
敞露的伤口很快受到了感染。

They decided to declare Paris an open city.
他们决定宣布巴黎为不设防城市。

The radio station had an open line on which listeners could call up to discuss various issues.
这家电台开放线路,听众可打电话参加各种问题的讨论。

The house should fetch 40,000 pounds on the open market.
这栋房子在公开市场上会卖到4万英镑的价钱。

She is a very friendly, open person.
她是个非常友好坦率的人。

He has an open face.
他有一张直率的脸。

The car gathered speed on the open road.
汽车在大路上加速前进。

They are going to build offices in the open space next to our factory.
他们要在我们工厂旁边的空地上盖办公楼。

The soldiers in the open field were exposed to the enemy’s gun-fire.
旷野中的士兵遭到敌人炮火的攻击。

The cattle owners let their animals wander across open country, but the farmers railed in their cattle and their land, and this is what caused many bitter fights in the old west.
放牧者在广阔的乡村放牧,但是农场主却把牲口和土地圈起来,这就是西部地区引起许多激烈争斗的原因。

This is an open question at the moment.
此刻这还是个悬而未决的问题。

用作表语S+be+~

The window was open, and the pot just dropped out.
窗户开着,花盆就掉了出去。

I didn’t have to bribe anyone, it was all open and aboveboard.
我没有必要贿赂任何人,这完全是光明正大的。

Next day all theatres were open again at the command of the government.
第二天在政府的命令下,所有的剧院又都开门了。

Is the park still open now?
公园现在还开着吗?

It has been decided that the exhibition shall not be open on Sunday.
已经决定展览星期天不开放。

Only one lane is open because of the accident.
由于交通事故,只有一条车道通车。

The office manager’s job is still open after three months.
三个月后,办公室主任的位置仍然空着。

S+be+~+for n./pron.

The hotel will be open for guests next January.
那旅馆将于明年1月开始接待客人。

The telephone office is open for public business.
这个电报局对外营业。

The river is open for navigation.
这条河通航。

S+be+~+to n./pron .

The recitation contest is open to all.
背诵比赛大家都能参加。

There are few occupations that are open to women in that country.
在那个国家里很少有几个职业是对妇女开放的。

The museum has been open to the public.
展览馆已对外开放。

The railway will be open to traffic on October 1.
这条铁路将于10月1日通车。

His ears are open to every idle rumor.
他容易轻信任何谣言。

I’m afraid the position is open to abuse.
恐怕这个职位容易使人滥用职权。

His conduct is open to criticism.
他的行为容易受到批评。

This question is still open to discussion.
这个问题仍然可以讨论。

He is open to advice.
他愿意接受劝告。

I am open to conviction.
我愿意服理。

He is open to an offer.
他愿意对买主的出价予以考虑。

S+be+~+with n./pron .

Let’s be open with each other.
让我们彼此坦诚一些。

I will be open with you about nothing.
我对你绝不隐瞒什么。

Like many native Italians, my parents were open with their feelings and their love not only at home, but also in public.
跟许多意大利人一样,我的父母不仅在家而且在公众场合也公开表达其感情和爱心。

用作宾语补足语S+V+O+~

I had all the windows open, but even then the smell was dreadful.
我把所有的窗户都打开了,但那股味儿还是大得可怕。

He pulled the drawer open, and found the news bulletin still hidden in the crack.
他拉开抽屉,发现那封新闻简报还藏在夹缝里。

The angry father flung the door open and marched into his daughter’s room.
父亲怒气冲冲地把门猛地推开,大步走进女儿的房间。

If you want the cupboard door open all the time, why don’t you nail it back?
如果你想让柜子门总开着,为什么不用钉子把门反钉住?

Doctors used to cut people open to drain the polluted blood away.
从前,医生常常在人体上切口把污血放出。

We’ve held the job open for him for two weeks now.
我们已将这个工作位置为他保留两周了。

I shall ask Mrs.Braddock to cut the ribbon and declare this firm open.
我将邀请布莱克夫人剪彩,宣布这家公司开张。

用作动词(v.)用作不及物动词S+~(+A)

The door opened and in walked Mr. Smith.
门开了,史密斯先生走进来。

The window opened and in came a gentle breeze.
窗户打开了,一阵和风徐徐吹来。

When does the library open?
图书馆什么时候开门?

Does the door open inwards or outwards?
那门是朝里开还是朝外开?

The box won’t open.
这盒子打不开了。

Hamlet opens tomorrow.《
哈姆雷特》将在明天上演。

The meeting will open the day after tomorrow.
这个会议将于后天开幕。

Our office opens at 7:30 A.M.
我们办公室早上七点半开始办公。

The exhibition does not open on Sundays.
展览会星期天不开放。

His shop is to open next week.
他的商店准备下周开张。

What time does the building open?
这栋楼房何时启用?

She promises to come back on time when school opens.
她许诺学校开学时她将按时回来。

The trial of the murder opened on January 10th.
对这次谋杀案的审判于元月10日开庭。

The wound opened under the strain.
伤口裂开了。

The flowers are opening.
花儿在开放。

Flowers opened in early March this year.
早在今年3月初花就开了。

用作及物动词S+~+ n./pron.

Open the window and let some air into the room.
把窗打开让空气进入房间。

We didn’t want to open the garden gate in case their dog made for us.
我们不打开花园的大门,以防他们那只狗向我们扑过来。

Shall we open another bottle?
我们再开一瓶酒吗?

He opened his mouth to say something, but decided not to.
他张嘴想说些什么,但决定不说了。

Open your mouth and show me your tongue.
把嘴张开让我看看舌头。

The workers have opened a new road through the forest.
工人们已在林间开出了一条新路。

He is going to open a new shop there.
他要在那儿开一家新店。

The company will open an office in New York.
公司将在纽约开设一个办事处。

Why don’t you open an account at the bank?
你何不在银行开一个户头?

The chairman opened the Parliament.
主席宣布议会开始。

They opened their eyes at the news.
他们听到这个消息都惊讶得睁大了眼睛。

He was an open-hearted surgeon and knew how to open his own heart.
他是一位慈善的外科医生,懂得如何慷慨助人。

The poor girl opened her mind and told me everything about herself.
那可怜的姑娘向我谈了知心话,把她的一切情况都告诉了我。

You young people should try to open a prospect by constant endeavor.
你们年轻人应该靠不断的努力来开创新的前途。

Please open the door for me.
请帮我把门打开。

He opened the way for this comrades-in-arms by sacrificing his own life.
他牺牲自己的生命为战友们开辟了前进的道路。

1

Soon the door was opened by an old man.
不久门被一位老人打开了。

When the gates of the ground were opened, all the football supporters crowded in.
当赛场的大门打开时,球迷们一拥而进。

The library hasn’t opened yet, so I have to hang about here.
图书馆还没开门,所以我只得在这儿呆着。

A communication will be opened between the two cities.
这两个城市间的交通即将开通。

Begun in 1989, the road was fully opened in 1993.
这条路1989年开始修建,1993年已全线通车。

A park, a library and a swimming pool as well have been opened in this village.
这个村庄开设了一个公园,一个图书馆,甚至还有一个游泳池。

When the door was opened the wind blew the leaves into the house.
一打开门,风把树叶吹进了屋里。

His understanding wants to be opened.
他的理解力需要予以启发。

用作宾补动词S+~+ n./pron. + adj.

Open your mouth wider when you pronounce the note.
发这个音时,把你的嘴张大一些。

open的用法

open的基本意思是“开着的,开放的”,也可作“坦率的,无偏见的”解。作“空旷的,开阔的”解时,在句中只充当定语。作“开始营业的,(职位等)空缺的”解时,在句中作表语。

open作表语时,后面经常跟to或with短语, open在句中还可充当宾语补足语。

说“让…开着”,可以直接用形容词open作补语表示状态,而不可用动词open的过去分词来表示。

v.(动词)

open的原意是把封起来的或合起来的东西打开或揭开,强调从紧闭的状态向开放状态的移动。引申可表示为“开始”“开设”等。

open既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作不及物动词时,多表示某物自身具有打开的性质。在与on, onto等介词连用时,表示“朝着,朝向”; 在与into, off等词连用时,表示“通向,通到,从…通入”。open用作不及物动词时,主动形式可含有被动意义。

open用作及物动词时,可接名词或代词作宾语,也可接以形容词充当宾语补足语的复合宾语。

词源解说

☆ 直接源自古英语的openian,意为打开。

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