long怎么读_long是什么意思和用法

时间:2022-3-13 作者:英语外教网

long怎么读

英[lɒŋ]美[lɔːŋ]

long是什么意思

长的,长久的,长期的,长时间的,很长

个子高的

冗长的,拖长的

…以上,足足

长音的

似乎比实际时间长的

远的

希望渺茫的

adv.(副词)

长久地,长期地,很久地,久已

始终

遥远地

多时

尽可能

只要

既然

由于

就…来说

长时间地

不再,不复

再见

v.(动词)

渴想,极想,热望

n.(名词)

长裤

【语】长音节

长尺寸

长期间,长时间,长时期

【商】看涨的人,买空的人

做多头的人

【语音】长母音,长子音

长信号

_null.

中国姓氏龙、郎、农的音译

abbr.(缩略词)

=longitude 经度

long的例句

She was slender and had long dark hair.她身材苗条,有一头长长的黑发。

She bought some roses with long stems.她买了一些枝干很长的玫瑰花。

He delivered a long prose full of platitudes.他发表了一篇充满陈词滥调的文章。

I haven’t seen him for a long while.我已经很久没见到他了。

After such a long walk you may feel hungry.走了这么久,你也许会觉得饿了。

The long vowels have undergone much modification.长元音经历了太多的修正。

用作副词(adv.)

I haven’t known her long.我认识她不久。

I knew Tom long before I knew you.我在认识你之前很久就认识了汤姆。

She plays her radio all day long.她整天开收音机。

She sat by her sick husband all night long.她整夜坐在生病的丈夫身边。

用作动词(v.)

She longed to be back in China.她渴望回到中国。

They long for a chance to visit Shanghai.他们渴望有机会访问上海。

用作名词(n.)

This won’t take long.这要不了多久。

常见句型

The pupils have two long holidays every year.
学生们每年有两次长假。

His long illness and consequent absence from school delayed his progress of study.
他长时间生病以及随后的缺课耽搁了他的学业。

They have begun the long and tiresome grind of preparing themselves for college entrance.
他们已经开始考大学前那种长期而劳累地埋头苦学了。

There was a long interval before he replied.
一段长时间的间隔之后,他才做答复。

After a long separation, they held a glad meeting.
阔别多年之后,他们举行了一个令人愉快的聚会。

We succeeded in winning the contract, but for a long time, we were sailing against the wind, and were doubtful of our success.
我们终于签订了那份合同,但在很长一段时间里我们一直遇到重重阻力,以致不敢相信自己能获得成功。

After a long hunt for him, we saw him emerging from the crowd.
我们找了他半天之后,看见他从人群里出来了。

By all appearance the strike will go on for a long time.
显然这次罢工要持续很长时间。

The amount of coal of this country will be exhaustible within not a long time.
这个国家的煤储藏量在不久的将来就会用尽。

For a long period of time Latin was the literary language of Italy.
有很长一段时间,拉丁语是意大利的文学语言。

The long war exhausted our country in the nineteenth century.
在19世纪,长期的战争使我们的国家民穷财尽。

The long journey knocked her up.
长途旅行把她累坏了。

She had been away on a long trip.
她曾旅行到过很远的地方。

They were unused to walking long distance.
他们不习惯长距离的步行。

It was a terrible grind getting up that long hill.
爬上那个漫长的斜坡令人极度劳累。

She plays a very dramatic woman with flashing eyes and a long black dress.
她饰演一位身着黑色长装、双眼闪光的引人注目的妇人。

The plot is rather thin for such a long story.
对这样长的故事来说,这个情节显得太单薄了。

That long talk healed many differences.
那次长谈消除了很多分歧。

A long talk is tedious.
冗长的谈话令人生厌。

It is a long shot but I think John must have known about the murder.
虽然这只是个猜测,但我认为约翰对这件谋杀案一定知情。

用作表语S+be+~

Your car is longer than mine.
你的汽车比我的长。

It’s an hour long.
这有一个钟头之久。

The garden is 20 metres long and 15 metres wide.
这个花园有20米长,15米宽。

The house is 40 feet long and 20 feet broad.
这屋长40英尺,宽30英尺。

This new railway is four hundred kilometres long.
这条新铁路有400公里长。

S+be+~+on n .

He is long on brains.
他头脑聪明。

He is long on hope.
他有很多希望。

S+be+~+(in) v -ing

You have been long fetching the car.
你去取车子已经很久了。

I won’t be long unpacking.
我很快就会把行李打开。

He was a long time writing a letter.
他竟花了半天才写出一封信。

He won’t be long making up his mind.
他很快就会作决定。

Spring is long in coming.
春天姗姗来迟。

He is long in returning.
他迟迟归来。

用作副词(adv.)用作状语

My grandpa has long thought of retiring at 80.
我祖父早就想在80岁退休。

I’ve long wanted to meet her.
我很久以来就想见她。

He remained long in London.
他在伦敦呆了很久。

He stayed up long after midnight.
午夜以后,他久久没睡。

I have long been cherishing the hope of visiting Beijing.
我很久以来一直想参观北京。

They had not been married long when her husband was ordered abroad.
她丈夫受命出国时,他们结婚还没多久。

He said that he had seen a tiger long before.
他说他很久以前见过老虎。

He hasn’t long been back.
他刚回来。

I’m sorry but I can’t stay longer.
对不起,我不能再久留了。

用作名词(n.)

Were you there for long?
你到那儿很久了吗?

Shall you be away for long?
你得离开很久吗?

He was imprisoned for long.
他被监禁在牢里很久了。

I can’t stay for long.
我呆不了多久。

Shall I have long to wait?
我要等很长时间吗?

用作动词(v.)用作不及物动词S+~+to- v

We are longing to see you.
我们极想见到你。

Ever since then I’ve been longing to meet him face to face.
从那时起我一直渴望和他面对面地聚会。

long的用法

long的基本意思是“长的”,可表示时间和距离的长短或长度,也可表示书籍、信件、故事之类的内容的长短。

long在句中可作定语,也可作表语。

adv.(副词)

long用作副词时,其基本意思是“长久地”,主要用于修饰静态动词,表示时间延续之长。

long还可作“久远地”解,表示动作发生于很久之前或之后,一般位于副词或介词短语之前。

n.(名词)

long作名词是“长时间,长时期”的意思,是不可数名词。

for long的意思是“长久”,常用于否定句或疑问句中。

v.(动词)

long用作动词时意思是“渴望”“极想”,指一个人全心全意地、极为诚恳地期望得到某种东西,尤指遥远的、难以得到的东西。

long用作不及物动词时常与介词for连用,并常接动词不定式作目的状语。

词源解说

☆ 直接源自古英语的long,意为长的,长期的。

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