know怎么读_know是什么意思和用法

时间:2022-1-7 作者:英语外教网

know怎么读

英[nəʊ]美[noʊ]

know的例句

What do you know about us?你对我们有什么了解?

I didn’t know the truth until she told me what happened.直到她告诉我发生的事,我才了解真相。

I know what happened.我知道发生了什么事。

Excuse me, do you know how to play chess?请问,你知道怎么下国际象棋吗?

I’ve known Tom for years.我认识汤姆很多年了。

用作名词(n.)

Somebody in the know told me he’s going to resign.有知情者告诉我他要辞职了。

A friend who is in the know says she already left the country.一位知情的朋友说,她已经离开这个国家了。

常见句型

I honestly don’t know.
我真的不知道。

How could I know?
我怎么知道呢?

Spring had come before I knew.
不知不觉已是春天。

Who knows, perhaps they don’t wish to come.
谁知道,也许他们不愿来呢。

Don’t you know?She has been laid up for the last four days.
你还不知道?她已病倒四天了。

“The meeting has been put off.” “Yes,I know.”
“会议延期了。”“ 我知道。”

This, you know, is what I have in mind.
你知道,这就是我的想法。

There’s no need to break the news gently,I’ve known for some weeks.
没有必要这么小心翼翼地向我透露这个消息,我已经知道好几个星期了。

用作及物动词S+~+ n./pron.

She never got to know any of her neighbours though many years she stayed there.
她虽然在那里住了那么多年,却连一个邻居都不认识。

He knew all the surrounding fishing grounds like the palm of his hands.
他对周围的渔场全都了如指掌 。

He knows English and French.
他懂英文和法文。

Who knows most says least.
懂得最多的人,说得最少。

To know everything is to know nothing.
样样皆通,样样不通。

He knew poverty and sorrow in his early days.
他早年饱尝过穷困和忧愁。

They had never known modern medical care.
过去他们从来没接受过现代化的医疗。

“He teaches English at a nice school called The Chen Jinglun.”“I know it.”
“他在一所挺不错的学校教英语,叫陈经伦。”“我知道那所学校。”

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A friend is never known till needed.
患难之时认真友。

S+~+wh-to- v

We all don’t know how to start the engine.
我们都不知道怎样发动这个引擎。

Alf doesn’t know how to appreciate favours.
阿尔夫不识抬举。

I really don’t know which to choose, because they are both very nice.
我真不知道该选哪一个,因为两个都很漂亮。

The truly free man is he who knows how to decline a dinner invitation without giving any excuse.
不用什么借口便知道如何谢绝人家邀请吃饭的人,才是一个真正独来独往的人。

You know where to get in touch with them, don’t you?
你知道在哪里和他们联系,是吧?

S+~+(that-)clause

They know they are working for themselves.
他们知道他们是为自己工作。

They knew they could never have what city folks had.
他们意识到他们将永远不会拥有城里人拥有的东西。

You know that I am not a prejudiced man.
你知道我不是怀有偏见的人。

He knows that this is quite true.
他意识到这是千真万确的事。

S+~+wh-clause

Do you know where the conference is to be held?
你知道会议在哪里召开吗?

Do you know who was Napoleon?
你知道拿破仑是谁吗?

Do you know what I mean?
我的意思你懂吗?

God knows why they did it.
没人知道他们为什么做那件事。

I haven’t been out anywhere since I don’t know how long.
也不知有多久了,我一直哪儿也没去。

I don’t know whether you like flowers.
我不知道你是否喜欢花。

She wants to know if she is right.
她想知道自己是否正确。

用作宾补动词S+~+ n./pron. +(to be/as) n./adj. / prep. -phrase

I know him to be an American.
我知道他是美国人。

We know him to be honest.
我们知道他很诚实。

I’ve never known you so cheerful.
我从来没看见你这样高兴 。

They never knew him so excited before.
他们从来没看见他这样激动过。

They knew themselves to be in a difficult position.
他们知道自己的处境很困难。

You may know this film as Never Give an Inch -its British title.
你或许知道这部电影的英国名字,《决不后退》。

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The actress likes to be known as May Diamond, although it is not her real name.
尽管“五月钻石”不是这个女演员的名字,但她乐意别人这样称呼她。

The African lion is known as the king of the forest.
非洲狮子被称为森林之王。

Mr. White is known in the town as a good family doctor.
在该镇,怀特先生被认为是一位很好的家庭医生。

S+~+ n./pron. +to- v

We’ve never known him to do anything unjust.
我们从来没有说他做过任何不公正的事情。

I never knew him to act without thinking.
我从未发现他轻率行事过。

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He was known to have taken part in the Long March.
人们都知道他参加过长征。

know的用法

know的基本意思是“知道”“认识”“听说”,指直接了解某事物,也可表示“领会,懂得”,指通过体验或传授而获得知识。

know既可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词作“知道,懂得”解时,可接表示事物的名词、代词、带疑问词的动词不定式、that或疑问词引导的从句作宾语,也可接以“(to be/as+) n./adj./prep. -phrase. ”或动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。作“认识,了解”解时,可接表示人或物的名词作宾语。know可用于被动结构。know接to be作宾语补足语时, to be常可省略,但当to be表示的时间先于know表示的时间时,须用不定式的完成式,且不可省略。

在对话回答语中,如know的宾语表示的是整个事实(如that-clause),则宾语可省略; 如know的宾语是一个具体事物,则通常以it代替之。

know是表示思想状态的动词,指思维活动的结果,通常不用于进行体。

词源解说

☆ 直接源自古英语的cnawan,意为知道。

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