keep怎么读_keep是什么意思和用法

时间:2022-1-7 作者:英语外教网

keep怎么读

英[kiːp]美[kiːp]

keep是什么意思

保持(某一状态),维持,继续,持续

看守,守卫,把守,保护

保留,保存,保管

经营,管理,开设

持有,拥有,保有

控制住

抚养,饲养

雇用

遵守,履行

庆祝,纪念;过(节、生日等)

拿着

防护,防守,守

忍住,抑制,制止(常与from连用)

留住,阻止离开

居住,逗留,呆

(食物等)能保持新鲜,保存好,不变坏

(商店等)开着,(学校)继续上课

交往

不要求马上注意,能耽搁,可拖延

n.(名词)

【史】要塞,坚固据点,堡垒

保持,保养

饲料

监狱,监牢

管理

生活资料,生计,衣食,伙食

【史】中世纪城堡的最牢固的部分

膳宿费用,生活费

keep的例句

He would keep in touch with us wherever he was.他无论在什么地方,总是与我们保持联系。

Here’s a five-pound note– you can keep the change.这是五镑的钞票--零钱不用找了。

Progress is slow but we keep battling on.进展虽慢

Where do you keep the detergent?你把清洁剂放在哪儿了?

It is easy to open a shop but hard to keep it.开店容易经营难。

Once you make a promise, you should keep it.一旦做出承诺

She keeps the family on two hundred dollars a week.她一个星期给家里200美元。

I have been keeping tropical fish for twenty years.我已经养了20年的热带鱼了。

I’ll only keep you a few minutes.我只耽搁你几分钟。

Finish off the pie-it won’t keep.把馅饼都吃了吧—搁不住。

We’re all keeping well.我们都很健康。

She kept her past secret from us all.她对我们所有人都避而不谈她的过去。

She kept a diary for over twenty years.她记了二十多年的日记。

Once you make a promise, you should keep it.一旦做出承诺

She wears a hat to keep the sun out of her eyes.她戴上帽子遮阳,保护眼睛。

用作名词(n.)

Paul earns his keep by helping his elderly landlord.保罗靠帮助他年迈的房东干活来维持生计。

The furniture was in good keep.这家具保存得很好。

常见句型

The fish won’t keep; we must eat it now.
这鱼存不住,我们必须现在就把它吃掉。

You’d better finish the ice cream; it won’t keep.
你最好把冰淇淋吃完,这东西放不得。

Will this food keep?
这食品能放得住吗?

In such weather meat won’t keep long.
在这样的天气,肉放时间长了要坏的。

That news will keep.
那个消息留待以后再宣布。

用作系动词S+~+ adj.

I was so sleepy that I could hardly keep awake .
我太困了,简直要睡着了。

My mother still keeps young.
我母亲还不见老。

Why do you keep silent?
你怎么不说话?

You must keep calm in an emergency.
在紧急关头要保持镇静。

We must always keep cheerful in hard time.
在困难的时候我们要始终保持乐观。

In those days they could hardly keep alive.
那时候,他们简直没法活下去。

The weather is keeping dry.
气候一直很干燥。

S+~+ v -ing

The baby kept crying.
婴儿一直哭。

She kept studying.
她一直在学习。

Please keep sitting where you are.
请继续坐在原处。

Why do you keep looking at me like this?
你为什么老是这样看着我?

My shoe lace keeps coming undone.
我的鞋带老松开。

The machine kept running.
机器一直运转。

I don’t know what’s wrong with me today; I keep breaking things.
不知道今天我怎么了,老是打碎东西。

It kept raining for a week.
接连下了一星期雨。

The water in the river keeps rising.
河水一直在上涨。

S+~+ prep. -phrase

You must keep inside the house during the cold weather.
在冷天,你必须呆在家中。

They did their best to keep on their guard.
他们尽量保持警惕。

We’re keeping in very good health.
我们身体非常好。

用作及物动词S+~+ n./pron.

I think we shall keep friends.
我想我们将保持朋友关系。

The policemen keep order in the streets.
警察在大街上维护秩序。

We must keep in touch with each other.
我们必须相互保持联系。

I’ll only keep you for a few minutes.
我只耽误你几分钟。

Well, in this case, I won’t keep you.
噢,既然这样,我就不留你了。

Why didn’t Daddy let me keep the ten dollars?
爸爸为什么不让我留下这10美元?

He always kept the keys in his pocket.
他总是把钥匙装在口袋里。

She would not be able to keep the job.
她可能保不住这份工作。

Keep the change.
不用找零钱了。

We will always keep our promise not to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries.
我们始终遵守不干涉别国内政的诺言。

He needs more money to keep his wife and children.
他需要更多的钱养活妻子儿女。

They kept a big dog to guard the house.
他们养了一条大狗守门。

They keep a shop.
他们经营一家商店。

That shop keeps everything you will need.
那家店铺出售你所需要的各种东西。

She will keep her birthday in a special way.
她将以某种特殊方式庆祝生日。

The people in this district keep the Sabbath.
这个地区的人遵守安息日。

Most people keep Christmas at home.
大多数人在家过圣诞节。

Who keeps accounts?
谁记账?

She often keeps a diary.
她常记日记。

Keep a record of the books that are borrowed from the library.
把从图书馆借来的书作个记录。

1

His promise was faithfully kept.
他忠实地履行自己的诺言。

用作双宾动词S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.

Will you keep us the seats?
你给我们保留些座位,好吗?

S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.

The library will keep the book for you till the weekend.
图书馆将为你把这本书保留到周末。

Please keep this for me until I come back.
请为我保管此物,直到我回来。

用作宾补动词S+~+ n./pron. +(as) n./adj.

They kept him a prisoner.
他们把他监禁起来。

That kept him a student.
那使他继续当学生。

You may keep it as a souvenir if you like.
如果你愿意,就把它留下来作纪念品。

Excitement kept him awake.
他兴奋得不能入睡。

Try your best to keep the children quiet.
你要尽量使孩子们保持安静。

The experiment kept us busy for three months.
这项试验使我们忙了三个月。

Good food keeps you healthy.
优质食品使你保持健康。

To keep the room warm, they closed all the windows.
为了保持室内温度,他们关掉所有窗户。

They kept the grass short.
他们总是把草修整得很短。

She keeps oil clean.
她让油保持干净。

Keep the door open.
把门敞开着。

1

Her house is always kept tidy.
她的房屋总是整整齐齐的。

These goods must be kept cool and dry.
这些货物必须保持低温、干燥。

S+~+ n./pron.+adv.

What keeps you here so late?
什么使你在这里呆得这么晚?

S+~+ n./pron. + v -ing

They kept her working all day.
他们强迫她整日工作。

Keep the fire burning, will you?
让火一直着着,好吗?

The police keep the traffic moving.
警察使交通畅通无阻。

1

I’m sorry you’ve been kept waiting.
很抱歉,让你一直等着。

S+~+ n./pron. + v -ed

She keeps the food locked up.
她把食品锁起来了。

Hereafter, I want you to keep me informed of how things are going with you.
从此以后,我要求你让我了解你的进展情况。

His friend kept him pinned to the floor until he took back the insult.
他的朋友把他牢牢按在地板上,要他收回他的侮辱性言词。

He kept his fist clenched in his pocket.
他在衣袋里紧紧握住拳头。

keep的用法

keep的基本意思是“保留,保管,保存,留下,保持”,指使某人或某物继续保持某种状态。引申可作“管理,经营”“料理,照顾”“抚养,养活,饲养”“遵守,维护”“庆祝”“耽搁”“记”等解。

keep可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语(不可接动词不定式作宾语),也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可转化为介词for的宾语。keep用作不及物动词作“保存”解时,主动结构常含被动意义。

keep还可接以形容词、副词、as短语、现在分词(短语)、过去分词(短语)等充当宾语补足语的复合宾语,但不可接含动词不定式的复合宾语。

keep作“保持,继续”解时还可用作系动词,后跟表语,该表语可由形容词、副词、名词、动名词或介词短语等充当,此用法keep有时可用于进行体。

keep后接介词from,再接名词或动名词,表示“使自己不做某事”,主要用于否定句或疑问句。

由keep构成的常用习语大多不用于进行体。

词源解说

☆ 直接源自晚期古英语的cepan;最初源自原始日耳曼语的kopijanan,意为抓住,握住。

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