abide的英文怎么读_abide的用法大全

时间:2022-1-2 作者:英语外教网

abide怎么读

英[ə’baɪd]美[ə’baɪd]

abide是什么意思

v.(动词)

遵守

逗留

居住

忍受

容忍

等待

保持

继续

忍耐

等候

持续

停留

居留

遵循

顶住

逗留

继续存在

继续下去

维持下去

留下

守候

经受住

坚持

abide的例句

用作动词(v.)

Everyone must abide by the law.所有的人都应遵守法律。

Once you make a promise, you must abide by it.一旦你许诺,你必须遵守你的诺言。

She can’t abide that man.她不能忍受那个人。

I cannot abide the loud noise anymore.我再也无法忍受这么大的噪音。

I abide by what I said.我坚持我所说的话。

常见句型

用作动词(v.)用作不及物动词S+~(+A)

She was forced to abide here.
她被迫住在这里。

They abide here for some time.
他们在这里住了些时候。

They abide here for a year.
他们在这里住了一年。

We shall abide till the battle is won.
我们一直等待到这场战争获得胜利。

用作及物动词S+~+ n./pron.

She can’t abide that man.
她无法忍受那个男人。

I can’t abide that fellow.
我无法忍受那个家伙。

How can you abide such a person?
你怎么能屈从于这样的人?

I can’t abide noisy people.
我受不了吵闹的人。

I can not abide him.
我对他忍无可忍。

How can you abide him?
你怎么能容忍他?

How could abide each other?
他们俩怎么能相安无事?

A good housekeeper cannot abide dust.
好家庭主妇绝不容许屋子里有灰尘。

Who can abide that?
谁受的了那个?

I can’t abide dishonesty.
我不能容忍欺骗。

She can’t abide his rudeness.
她不能忍受他的粗鲁行为。

She can hardly abide sulks.
她实在难以忍受绷着脸生气的人。

The boy was too young to abide such heavy work.
这孩子太小,干不了这样的重活。

They’re unwilling to abide the verdict of the judges.
他们不愿服从法官们的裁决。

We are a people of prayer, and good works to boot, and abide no such wickedness.
我们这个家族是虔诚的,同时又是行善积德的,决不会容忍这种败行劣迹。

The one thing he cannot abide is slacking.
唯一使他无法忍受的就是做事磨洋工。

She’ll abide her time.
她将等待时机。

They are abiding the event.
他们正等待着这件事的发生。

I will abide the result of the experiment.
我将等着这次试验结果出来。

S+~+to- v

I can’t abide to see such fellows.
我无法忍受看到那伙人。

She couldn’t abide to live in poverty.
她过不了穷日子。

He cannot abide to stay in one position for long.
他不能忍受长时间呆在一个位置上。

I know you can’t abide to spend money.
我知道你舍不得花钱。

He could never abide to be helped into the saddle.
他最受不了人家扶他上马。

S+~+ v -ing

I can’t abide seeing such fellows.
我无法忍受看到那伙人。

She cannot abide seeing such cruelty.
她不忍目睹这种残暴行为。

She never could abide seeing people enjoying themselves.
她从来无法忍受看到人们快活。

I can’t abide getting up early.
我无法忍受早起。

We all will abide your coming.
我们将等待你的到来。

Unable to abide waiting, Kunta stole away that night.
等不及了,昆塔当天晚上便溜走了。

That’s the way he was—he couldn’t abide being praised.
他就是这样的人,不让人表扬。

用作动词(v.)abide at (v.+prep.)〈旧〉在…居住;在…逗留live or stay at (a place)
abide at sth

They abide at a remote village.

他们住在一个偏远的村子里。

She abided at New York.

她住在纽约。

abide by (v.+prep.)接受(不愉快的事等),承担(后果等)accept sth without complaint
abide by n\u002e/pron\u002e

We must abide by the rules of the game.

我们必须遵守游戏规则。

If you join the club you must abide its rules.

如果你加入这个俱乐部,就必须遵守俱乐部的规定。

Resident aliens must abide by the laws of this country.

外国侨民必须遵守这个国家的法律。

We must abide by her decision.

我们必须按她的决定行事。

We will abide by your decision.

我们将听从你的决定。

Both sides should trustworthily abide by the contract.

双方均应恪守本合同。

They have always abided by their promises.

他们总是信守诺言。

If you make a promise, abide by it.

如果你许下诺言,就要信守它.

Having made our decision, we must abide by it.

决议已经做出,我们就得遵守。

Let us abide temporarily by the majority

让我们暂时服从多数人的意见吧。

abide by what -clause

I abide by what I said.

我讲过的话是算数的。

You must abide by what you have said.

你说话要算数。

abide by sth

Abide by your decision.

坚持你的决定。

He abides by his resolution.

他不改初衷。

The old man abides by his opinion.

这老人固执己见。

abide by sb

He abides by his friends.

他忠于朋友。

abide by sth

You must abide by the results of your mistakes.

犯了错误,你就得自食其果。

You must abide by consequences of your decision.

你必须承担你所做决定的后果。

abide in (v.+prep.)继续下去
abide in sth

She abides in New York.

她住在纽约。

She used to abide in Guangzhou.

她过去常住在广州。

They abide in a remote village.

他们住在一个偏远的村子里。

He abided in a small Scottish village almost all his life.

他在苏格兰的一个小村子几乎住了一辈子。

They abided in the wooded hills.

他们一直住在树木茂密的山里。

They would abide in the summer house.

他们宁愿住在避暑别墅里。

He abided in the wilderness for forty days.

他在荒野中度过了40天。

When he came to London on business, he abided in the Thompsons’.

他到伦敦办事时,住在汤普森家。

The king went to visit his daughter and abode in her palace for ten days.

国王去看望女儿,在她的宫中住了十天。

abide in sth/ v -ing

You shall abide in my love.

我永远爱你。

abide with (v.+prep.)(事)保持于(某人)
abide with sb

Abide with me 《

与我同在》(亨利·弗朗西斯·莱特的一首赞美诗名)

I asked her to abide with me a while longer.

我请她和我在一起多呆一会。

When was in London, Tom abided with his friend.

在伦敦时,汤姆和他朋友住在一起。

She abided with her aunt for six years.

她和姨妈在一起住了六年。

The man abided with the woman for twenty years.

这男子和这女子同居了二十年。

The child abided with his grandparents for three and a half years before being returned to his parents.

在回到父母身边之前,这孩子和他祖父母一起生活了三年半。

Abide with me; fast falls theeventide. The darkness deepens; Lod, with me abide.

留下呆我家;夜幕降临早。暮色已苍茫,主啊,留下呆我家。

abide with sb

The love abides with him all his days.

他一生都保持着这份爱情。

My love of talk still abides with me.

我还保持着喜欢谈天的习惯。

~+名词

abide an event等待某件事的发生

abide a person屈从一个人

abide a vigorous onslaught顶住猛烈的攻击

abide dishonesty容忍欺骗

abide each other彼此相安无事

abide one’s doom视死如归

abide one’s time等待时机

abide sb’s rudeness忍受某人的粗鲁行为

abide such heavy work干得了这样的重活

abide the fate which abides sb等待着某人的命运

abide the result等候结果

abide the verdict of the judge服从法官的裁决

副词+~

trustworthly abide忠实地遵守

abide faithfully by忠实地遵守

abide staunchly by忠诚于

abide temporarily by暂时服从

~+介词

abide by appeal of按照…的请求

abide by discipline遵守纪律

abide by one’s commitment忠实履行自己的承诺

abide by one’s opinion坚持己见

abide by one’s friends忠于朋友

abide by one’s promises信守诺言

abide by terms遵守条件

abide by the agreement遵守协定

abide by the consequences承担后果

abide by the constitution遵守宪法

abide by the contract遵守合同

abide by the inevitable迫不得已

abide by the orders遵从命令

abide by the laws遵守法律

abide by the principle坚持原则

abide by the principle of fairness遵循公平原则

abide by the rules遵守规章

abide by the truth坚持真理

abide by WTO rules遵守世界贸易组织规则

abide的用法

v.(动词)

abide的基本意思是“容忍,忍受”,指 遵守(法律、诺言、决定等);坚持(意见、真理等);承担(后果等)。

abide作“容忍,忍受”解时,指长时间忍受不愉快的事情,容忍别人的行为或者忍受自身的痛苦或不幸而不屈服,侧重耐心与顺从。可用于口语,一般用作及物动词,接名词、代词、动名词或动词不定式作宾语。常用于否定句或疑问句中,常与can/could连用。

abide作“逗留”“居住”解时一般用作不及物动词,常与介词in或 at连用表示“逗留的地点”,或与with连用表示“与某人一同居住”。多用于法律或文学上,是古旧用法。

abide作“等候”解时多指耐心等待某种结果。一般用作及物动词,可接名词、代词、动名词作宾语。偶尔也可用作不及物动词。多用于正式文体中。

abide by可指“遵守”法律、“信守”诺言、“忠于”某人或“承担”后果等。一般用于正式文体中。

关于abide的形容词形式,从“遵守,坚持”的意义上来说,使用 abided 是正常的,但从古义上来说,当表示“保留,居住”时只可以用 abode 作为形容词。

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