give的英文怎么读_give的用法大全

时间:2022-1-2 作者:英语外教网

give怎么读

英[ɡɪv]美[ɡɪv]

give是什么意思

v.(动词)

赠送,送给

给,交给

付出

捐助,献出,捐赠

塌下

出售

举办

托付

带来

弯下

支撑不住

朝着,开向,面向

投降

做(姿势、运动等),动

上演

把传染给

转暖,变暖和

有弹性,有弹力,有回弹力

授予,赋予,赐予,给予

俯瞰

供给

融解

作出

举出,提出

显示出,表示出

载入

产生,发生,出现,存在

分发

认输,服从,屈服,让步

对…施行

向…承认

对…让步

施舍

陷下

解冻

n.(名词)

弹性

弯曲

伸展性

适应性

灵活性

内幕消息

可弯性

可让性

给予

坍陷

双方迁就、相互让步、互相忍让

交谈,思想交流

give的例句

用作动词(v.)

Would you please give me a piece of paper?能给我一张纸吗?

He give me a box in which to keep the toy.他给了我一个装着玩具的盒子。

He gives generously to the poor.他慷慨地施舍给穷人。

I’m giving all my friends books for Christmas.我在圣诞节要向所有的朋友赠书。

He gave a bunch of flowers to his girlfriend.他送给女友一束花。

He is willing to stand in and give ten yuan to the funds.他愿意参加这一活动并捐助十元。

Can you give me any information on this matter?关于此事,你能给我提供什么消息吗?

The sun gives us warmth and light.太阳供给我们温暖和光。

The bass was to give a concert in the park.那位男低音歌唱家将在公园中举行音乐会。

I’m giving a dinner party next Friday evening; would you like to come?下星期五晚上我举行宴会,您肯赏光吗?

The branch began to give under his weight.他身体的重量把树枝压弯了。

用作名词(n.)

This rope has too much give in it.这条绳子弹性太大.

There is no give in a stone floor.石头铺的地面毫无弹性。

常见句型

用作动词(v.)用作不及物动词S+~(+A)

It’s more blessed to give than to receive.
施舍比收受更幸福。

He gives freely to the poor.
他对穷人慷慨捐助。

Most people give to some charity at Christmas.
圣诞节时大多数人向慈善机构捐款。

He gives generously.
他慷慨解囊。

This chair gives comfortably.
这把椅子坐上去很舒服。

The branch began to give under his weight.
他身体的重量把树枝压弯了。

The hook suddenly gave and a hundred and fifty empty bottles tumbled onto the floor.
那挂钩突然断裂,150个空瓶子滚落到地板上。

The leather will give when you have been wearing the shoes a few weeks.
皮鞋穿了几星期后,皮子就会拉长。

This surface will give if you sit on it.
如果你坐在上面,它的表面会凹陷。

This army never gives.
这支部队从不退却。

He wasn’t the cleverest member of the committee, but he always gave of his best—a hard worker with sincere intentions.
他在委员会中不算最聪明,但他总是尽力做好工作,是一个诚实苦干的人。

The door will give under the slightest pressure.
轻轻一推这扇门就能打开。

用作及物动词S+~+ n./pron.

She gave a correct answer.
她给了个正确的答案。

Cows give milk.
母牛产奶。

This mine gives coal.
这个矿产煤。

Land gives crops.
土地长庄稼。

The most careful research on these lines has given no result.
在这些方面的最认真研究并未得出任何结果。

This book gives few details.
这本书没有谈到多少细节。

The letter gave surprising news.
这封信透露了令人惊讶的消息。

In the book he gave a profound analysis of the political struggle inside the party.
他在书中深刻分析了党内的政治斗争。

Many people have given their lives in the cause of truth.
许多人献身于真理。

She gave a long sigh.
她长叹一声。

She gave a glance at the portrait of her mother.
她看了看母亲的画像。

She gave a sudden shout of surprise.
她突然大叫一声。

The lamp gave a very bad light.
这盏灯发的光很暗。

He gave fifty pounds for the painting.
他花了50英镑买那幅画。

My clock gives the right time.
我的钟走时准确。

He gives lessons in music.
他教授音乐。

A foreign guest is giving a lecture in English this afternoon.
一位外宾今天下午要来作英语演讲。

They gave their lives for their country.
他们为祖国献出了生命。

1

The following evening a party was given for him by his parents.
第二天晚上他父母为他举行了一个晚会。

S+~+ n./pron. +to- v

I would give the world to have my health restored.
我愿付出一切来恢复健康。

She gave the whole afternoon to babysitting.
她整个下午都在照看孩子。

He would have given anything to be friends with Rose.
为了成为罗丝的朋友,他愿意付出任何代价。

I would give anything to know what happened.
我愿意付出任何代价去了解发生了什么事。

用作双宾动词S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.

I gave him a watch on his birthday.
我在他生日那天送给他一块表。

He gave me a handsome present.
他给我一份很好的礼物。

They gave him the first prize.
他们授予他一等奖。

I should like to give him a chance.
我想给他一个机会。

The teachers will give him extra help.
老师们给他额外帮助。

I can give you anything but that.
除那以外,我什么都可给你。

Animals give us meat, milk, wool and leather.
动物为我们提供肉、奶、毛和皮革。

The sun gives the earth light and warmth.
太阳使地球得到光和热。

Give me five minutes and I’ll come up with a solution to the problem.
给我五分钟时间,我就能想出解决这个问题的方法。

You should give him another ten minutes, or he will not finish his work.
你应该再给他十分钟,否则他做不完活。

My leg gives me much pain.
我的腿疼极了。

He forgot to give the date.
他忘了通知我们日期了。

The judge gave the thief two years’ imprisonment.
法官给小偷判了两年徒刑。

You’ve given me your cold.
你把感冒传给我了。

My daughter gives me much pleasure.
我女儿给我带来了许多欢乐。

The news gave us great joy.
这消息使我们非常高兴。

When I first met him, he gave me the impression of being proud.
我第一次见到他时,他给我留下了傲慢的印象。

I hope my son will not give you much trouble.
我希望我儿子不会给你带来太多的麻烦。

He gave the garden a good watering.
他把园子透彻地浇了一次水。

Just before the frost, we gave the land a good watering.
就在霜冻之前,我们给地好好浇了一遍水。

The farmhands gave the landlord a sound beating.
雇农把那地主痛打一顿。

She gave him a pound for his help.
她付给他一镑作为他帮忙的酬劳。

1

I was given a book.
有人给我一本书。

Children in large families are often given responsibilities when they are very young.
大家庭里的孩子们在他们很年幼的时候就常常担负起责任了。

S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.

Please give my regards to your mother.
请代我向你母亲问好。

Give your whole mind to the question.
把你的全部心思都用在这个问题上。

Give an eye to the fire while I’m out, won’t you?
我出去时你照看一下炉子,好吗?

One boy can give measles to a whole school.
一个孩子能把麻疹传染给全校。

She gives all her time to her family.
她把全部时间献给了她的家庭。

1

These tickets were given to us free of charge.
这些票是免费送给我们的。

用作宾补动词S+~+ n./pron. +as n.

They gave the number as 72.
他们得到的数字是72。

He gave it as his opinion that all men are alike.
他的观点是所有的人都是相同的。

S+~+ n./pron. +to- v

They gave me to make up my mind in a week.
他们允许我有一周的时间作决定。

They gave me to understand they would wait for me, but they left without me.
他们使我相信他们会等我,但是他们却甩下我走了。

I’ll give him to understand that ordinary links must be subordinated to the key points, and the parts to the whole.
我要使他了解,一般必须服从重点,局部必须服从整体。

He gave me to understand that this work was done by him.
他向我表示该工作是他做的。

1

They were also given the opportunity to do some operations.
他们也有机会亲自去操作。

I was given to understand that he was ill.
有人告诉我说他病了。

其他v -ed as Attrib.

The work must be done with the given time.
工作必须在规定的时间里完成。

Do the exercises given below.
做下面列出的练习。

v -ed as Adverb.

Given health, the thing can be done.
只要健康条件允许,这件事是做得到的。

Given a few more months, the whole situation will become still better.
再过几个月,整个形势还会更好。

Given the same treatment again, he is sure to get well.
如果再给他同样的治疗,他肯定会痊愈的。

Given the opportunity she might well have become an outstanding artist.
若给予发展的机会,她很可能会成为一名杰出的艺术家。

Given determination and perseverance, it can be realized step by step.
如果有决心和毅力,这是可以一步步实现的。

Given normal weather, they will raise the output by another ten percent.
如果天气正常,他们还能把产量再提高一成。

用作动词(v.)give and take互让,互相迁就; 平等交换 make mutual concessions; exchange on an even basis
give away (v.+adv.)(在婚礼仪式中)将新娘交给新郎 in a marriage ceremony, present the bride ritually to the bridegroom
give sth ⇔ away

She decided to give these old clothes away .

她决定把这些旧衣服送给别人。

We have invited a famous former student to give away the prizes.

我们邀请了一位知名校友来颁发奖品。

He only gave away a small part of his fortune.

他只捐赠了小部分家产。

give sth ⇔ away to sb/sth

He gave away most of his fortune to the poor.

他把他大部分财产都送给了穷人。

He gave away a lot of clothes to the people of the flooded area.

他向水灾地区的人民捐了许多衣物。

They gave away a large sum of money to the people of a poverty-stricken area.

他们向贫困地区人民捐赠了一大笔钱。

give sb/sth ⇔ away

He didn’t want to give his comrades away.

他不愿背弃他的同志们。

Don’t give away the ending of the story.

别把故事结尾说出来。

He was arrested for having given away state secrets.

他因泄漏国家机密而被捕。

He was given away by one of his accomplices.

他被一个同伙出卖了。

give sth ⇔ away

You’ve given away a good chance of success.

你失去了一次获取成功的良机。

give sb ⇔ away

Mr. Jackson gave away his daughter.

杰克逊先生将女儿交给新郎。

give back (v.+adv.)后退 stand back
give sb/sth ⇔ back

It isn’t mine; I must give it back to the owner.

这不是我的,我得把它归还原主。

I hope that the holiday will give back my good spirits.

我希望假日能使我的心情好转。

Living here has given me back my health.

在这里居住使我恢复了健康。

He asked for, but never was given back, his Olympic Prizes.

他要求发还给他奥林匹克奖牌,但最终也未能要回。

give back

Give back there, the express is due.

往后退,快车就要进站了。

The soldier around the door gave back to let the general through.

门前的士兵纷纷闪开让将军通过。

give forth (v.+adv.)发出,发表 send forth; emit; issue
give forth sth

On summer evenings the flowers gave forth an almost intoxicating scent.

夏日的傍晚,鲜花散发出醉人的芳香。

She gave forth the same view at the meeting.

她在会上发表了同样的观点。

give in (v.+adv.)交; 上交; 递交; 呈送 give sth to a person who is authorized to receive it; hand in
give in

He will soon give in because he cannot win the game.

因为他赢不了这场比赛,所以他很快会认输的。

One shouldn’t give in while he or she stands and sees.

只要一息尚存,就不应投降。

The demonstrators were compelled to give in to the police.

示威者被迫向警察投降。

As neither management nor labor would give in, the union organized a strike.

由于劳资双方互不让步,工会组织了一次罢工。

The argument went on for hours as neither side would give in.

因为双方都不肯让步,争论持续了几个小时。

give sth ⇔ in

All papers should be given in before 12 o’clock.12

点以前必须交论文。

give it to (v.+pron.+prep.)惩罚; 揍; 责备 punish; beat or scold
give it to sb

I gave it to him hot.

我痛骂他一顿。

I’ll give it to you when I catch you.

等我抓住你我会揍你。

Ann’s mother gave it to her for being late.

安的母亲责备她迟到了。

give off (v.+adv.)发出; 放出; 散发出; 放射出 send out, or emit (especially a liquid, gas, or smell)
give off

When nitric acid is poured on copper, a brown vapour gives off.

将硝酸倒在铜上,会散发出一种棕色的蒸气。

give sth ⇔ off

The liquid gave off a strong smell.

这液体散发出一种强烈的气味。

The market was full of salted fish, giving off the worst smell.

市场上到处是腌鱼,散发出最难闻的味道。

The chimney gives off a lot of harmful gases.

烟囱放出大量的有害气体。

The fire that broke out in the plant during the night was still seen giving off a lot of smoke the next morning.

那家工厂头天夜里着的火,第二天早晨还在冒烟。

give or take或多或少; 左右 more or less; plus or minus
give out (v.+adv.)停止起作用 cause to stop function; fail
give sth ⇔ out

The English teacher gave out the examination papers at 7:50.

英语教师七点五十分发考卷。

A young woman standing at the door gave out leaflets to all those who entered the hall.

站在门旁的一个年轻的妇女向所有进入大厅的人散发传单。

Over a thousand copies of the pamphlet have now been given out.

现在已分发了一千多本小册子。

give sth ⇔ out

The minister gave out the wrong number of the rooms.

部长把房间的号码通知错了。

The news of the event was given out over the radio.

关于这个事件的消息通过广播发表了。

give out that-clause

The announcer gave out that the 3:30 train to Manchester would start from Platform 4.

播音员通知:三点三十分开往曼彻斯特的火车将从4号站台发车。

It was given out that the strikers had decided to return to work, and place their dispute in the hands of their union.

据宣布:罢工者已决定复工,并决定将其争端交予他们的工会。

give out

He plans to stay there until his money gives out.

他计划在那里呆到钱花完为止。

When we were only a few miles from our destination the petrol gave out.

当我们离目的地只有几英里的路程时,汽油用完了。

It was feared that food supplies would give out before the besieged town could be relieved.

人们担心食品储备在被围的城镇解围以前就会耗尽。

give out

We had hardly started from home when the engine gave out.

我们刚刚离开家,发动机就失灵了。

Ever since I sprained my ankle I have been unable to walk very far, as I never know when it will give out.

我自从扭伤了足踝,就走不了很远,真不知道它什么时候便会动弹不得。

give over (v.+adv.)交付; 交出 hand over
give over

I hope the rain will soon give over.

我希望雨不久就能停。

give sth ⇔ over

It’s about time you gave over that kind of conduct.

你该停止做那种事了。

give over v-ing

I have given over trying to convince him.

我已经不再试图说服他了。

give sth/sb ⇔ over to sb

He gave over charge of his office to his successor today.

他今天向继任者交接了工作。

We gave him over to the police.

我们把他交给了警察。

give up (v.+adv.)泄露 reveal or disclose
give up

I can’t answer that puzzle; I give up.

我猜不出这个谜语,我认输了。

I give up, tell me the end of the story.

我猜不出,把结局告诉我吧。

give sth ⇔ up

He has given up the idea.

他已经放弃了这个念头。

She gave up her job to look after her sick mother.

她放弃了工作以照顾她生病的母亲。

It was puzzling that when presented with a chance to study in Paris for a year,Jane should have given it up.

当简得到去巴黎学习一年的良机时,她竟然放弃了,这事真让人费解。

Bad habits are not easily given up.

恶习难改。

give up v-ing

Have you given up drinking whisky before breakfast?

你在早餐以前已不喝威士忌酒了吗?

I advised him to give up smoking altogether.

我劝他把烟彻底戒掉。

give sb/oneself/sth ⇔ up

We had to give up the castle to the enemy.

我们只得把城堡拱手相让交给了敌人。

If you catch the escaped prisoner, will you give him up to the police?

假如你抓到了那个逃犯,你会把他交给警方吗?

After hiding in the woods for weeks, the criminal gave himself up.

该罪犯在森林里躲了几个星期以后自首了。

give sb ⇔ up

His pulse was so weak that the doctor gave him up as dead.

他的脉搏非常弱,医生认为他没希望了。

When Mary didn’t come by nine o’clock, we gave her up.

玛丽九点还未到,我们认为她不会来了。

I had already given John up, when suddenly he walked in.

我以为约翰不会来了,他却突然走了进来。

give sth ⇔ up

The criminal has given up the names of his accomplices.

罪犯已经供出了同案犯的姓名。

~+名词

give a cough咳嗽一声

give a cry叫喊一声

give a dinner设宴

give a garden party开游园会

give a good account of oneself表现优异〔英勇〕

give a jump跳了一下

give a kick踢一脚

give a lecture开演讲会

give a look看一看

give a loud laugh大笑一声

give a play上演一剧

give a ring打了一个电话

give a shout叫一声

give a start大吃一惊

give a try试一试

give cause给予…理由

give chase追赶

give thanks作感恩祈祷

give the gun加速

give voice引吭高歌

give way退后,失效,屈服,为…所代替

give sb a hand援助; 赞许

give sb a piece of one’s mind责难,责骂

give sb the cold shoulder待人冷淡

give sb the gate解雇,放弃

give sb the slip溜走

give the city a new look使这个城市面目一新

~+副词

give abundantly丰富地供给

give charitably宽厚地供给

give conscientiously诚心诚意地提供

give discreetly谨慎地提供

give exclusively孤傲地表演

give freely慷慨捐助

give generously慷慨解囊

give grudgingly吝惜地提供

give intentionally故意地提供

give magnificently宏伟地表演

give willingly乐意给予

give around让步

give away放弃,泄露,分配,贡献

give away a secret泄露秘密

give a friend away出卖朋友

give away one’s comrades出卖同志

give oneself away暴露自己,露马脚

give away to sb向某人让步

give back归还,恢复,反射,报复

give sb back an angry look回瞪某人一眼

give sb back his health使某人恢复健康

give sth back to sb把某物归还给某人

give in屈服,交上,被…所取代,瓦解,失态,(驾车时)礼让

give in to sb对某人让步,迁就某人

give off(释)放出,发出(气味等)

give off heat发热

give off light发光

give off smoke冒出烟

give out布置,分发(书,文件等),用尽,发表,发布(新闻),发出(光,热等),交出(票)

give out a sweet smell吐出芬芳

give out assignment布置作业

give out the examination papers分发试卷

give out the news宣布消息

give over放弃,递交,致力于,把精力花在…上

give over a mode of life放弃一种生活方式

give over a package to sb’s keeping把包裹交某人保管

give oneself over to drinking纵酒

give up中止,屈服,引渡,放出

give oneself up to投降,自首,专心致志(于)

give oneself up to the police向警察局投案自首

give up a secret泄露秘密

give up all hope放弃一切希望

give up halfway半途而废

give up job辞去工作

give up life献出生命

give up one’s arms缴械

give up school辍学

give up seat to sb把座位让给某人

give up smoking戒烟

~+介词

give sb sth as a present给某人某物作为礼物

give cause for是…的原因,引起

give money for sth花钱买某物

give one’s life for the country为国捐躯

give one’s answers in English用英语回答

give one’s daughter in marriage嫁女儿

give into通向(大街等)

give of one’s best尽自己最大的努力

give on to the street(窗)正对着大街

give onto朝向,面对,开向,通向

give to给予,赠给,交付,委托

give colour to使…生色

give oneself to专心致力于,沾染上

give place to让位于

give tongue to one’s doubts about说出对…有怀疑

give way to让位于,对…让步,给…让路,向…妥协

give wide berth to避免

give的用法

v.(动词)

give是常用动词,词义丰富,用法复杂,构词能力强; 其基本的词义是“给”。give作及物动词时可接名词或代词作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语有时可转换为介词to的宾语,还可接动词不定式或以“as+ n. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。

give接双宾语时,间接宾语是人,双宾语的句型可以转变为跟to短语的句型,但当间接宾语是物时,则间接宾语在前,直接宾语在后的位置是固定的,不可以转换。give接双宾语时的被动结构可把间接宾语变为主语; 也可把直接宾语变为主语。但人们通常对人(或动物)比对物更感兴趣,所以用人作主语比较多。

give的过去分词常用作定语,多前置,构成过去分词短语时则一般后置。过去分词短语作状语时表示完成或被动的意义,作“假定; 容许; 如果有…”解。

give的现在进行时可表示按计划〔安排、打算〕将要发生的动作,这时句中一般有表示将来的时间状语或特定的上下文。

习语give it me主要用在英国, give it to me则多用在美国,是正式用法。

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