against的英文怎么读_against的用法大全

时间:2022-1-1 作者:英语外教网

against怎么读

英[ə’ɡenst]美[ə’ɡenst]

against是什么意思

prep.(介词)

反对

违反

预防

对着

不利于

以…为背景

对照

防备

对…不利

违背

对比

与…相反

紧靠

conj.(连词)

在…之时

在…之前

against的例句

用作介词(prep.)

There are 26 votes for him and 8 against him.有26票赞成他,8票反对他。

We sailed against the wind.我们逆风航行。

It’s against your promise to go on smoking.继续抽烟,这违背了你的诺言。

They forced me to do things against my will.他们强迫我做违背我心意的事。

He propped himself against the wall.他倚靠着墙。

The huge trees were profiled against the night sky.在夜空的映衬下显出大树的轮廓。

We have saved some money against our old age.我们存了一些钱,以备老年之用。

Our defences must be reinforced against attack.我们必须加强防御设施以抵御进攻。

His eloquence did not avail against the facts.他的雄辩在事实面前不起什么作用。

You must weigh the benefits against the cost.你一定要权衡利益与成本二者的得失。

常见句型

用作介词(prep.)

You should fly your kite against the wind.
你应该迎着风放风筝。

She always advances against difficulties.
她总是迎着困难而上。

The seats have no back against which to lean.
这些座位都没有靠背可倚。

A picture hangs against the wall.
墙上挂着一幅图画。

The present economic climate works against the smaller companies.
当前的经济气候对小公司不利。

I struck my head against the branch of a tree.
我的头撞在了树枝上。

Warn the lady against pickpockets.
告诫女士谨防扒手。

The government has already adopted effective measures against piracy.
政府已采取有效措施惩治盗版行为。

Roosevelt ran against Hoover in 1932. 1932
年罗斯福和胡佛竞选美国总统。

This explanation is against the natural law.
这种解释是违背自然规律的。

She is preparing a substantial meal against his return.
她正在准备一顿丰盛的饭菜为他接风。

He fought against the disease for a long time.
他同疾病做了长时间的斗争。

I checked my watch against the steeple clock.
我根据教堂尖塔的大钟对了表。

Please deliver this package against payment of cost.
请把这件货物送去,把货款带回。

He is elected by a majority of 40 votes against 10.
他以40票对10票的大多数票当选。

The mountain looked magnificent against the sky.
在蓝天的衬托下,这座山显得雄伟壮丽。

against的相关词汇

用作介词 (prep.)动词+~

act against违反

argue against为反对…而辩;反驳,否定

be divided against itself分裂成派系而自我削弱

bang one’s head against a (brick) wall以头碰壁;试图干不可能的事,枉费心机,白费力气

bash one’s head against a (brick) wall以头碰壁;试图干不可能的事,枉费心机,白费力气

beat one’s head against a (brick) wall以头碰壁;试图干不可能的事,枉费心机,白费力气

bring an accusation against控诉

bring an action against控告,指控

count against因(某事)而低估,对某人不利

cry against大声疾呼反对

fight against同…战斗

get two strikes against处于不利地位,处于严重情况

go against违背,作对,不利于

go against the stream反潮流,逆潮流而行

go against the tide不随大流

guard against保护(某人)使之免于…,谨防,预防

have a bias against对…有反感

have designs against对…有不良企图

have two strikes against处于不利地位,处于严重情况

hope against hope存一线希望,抱着万一的希望

kick against反对,抗议,作无益的抵抗,自讨苦吃

kick against the pricks以卵击石

knock against(使)撞击,击打,偶然碰到

knock one’s head against a (brick) wall以头碰壁;试图干不可能的事,枉费心机,白费力气

lift one’s hand against举手要打,威胁要攻击

magnify oneself against轻视,对…盛气凌人

make against有害,不利于,违反

more sinned against than sinning受到超过应得程度的惩罚

play both ends against the middle使对立双方相争以从中得利

poison sb’s mind against使某人对…产生恶感

prefer a charge against控告,告发

protest against对…表示反对或抗议

raise one’s hand against举手要打,威胁要攻击

raise the heel against准备用脚踢,压制

raise voice against表示反对

run against碰及,碰撞,同…竞选

sail against the wind逆风而行

set against使(某人〔物〕)靠着…

set one’s face against反对

side against反对

sin against违犯,冒犯

slap against拍击

sling against把(某人〔物〕)对着…扔

speak against演说反对

stack against靠着…整齐地堆放;使不利于

stand against(使)靠着…站立〔竖放〕

start against开始和…竞争

struggle against同…作斗争

swear the peace against宣誓声明有受…加害的危险(而请求司法机关保护),控告…图谋行凶

swim against the tide不随大流

take against反对,不喜欢,不赞成

take action against对…起诉,采取措施防止…

talk against说…坏话

tell against对…不利

throw straws against the wind扔草抵风,螳臂挡车

work against竭力反对

work against the clock以全速工作,赶工

动词+副词+~

bear up against在…面前不颓丧

bring up against使(某人)面临…

brush up against轻轻地敲

chalk up against把某事记在…账上

come up against遇到(困难等)

gang up against联合反对

get up against靠…站立,冒犯

knock up against偶然撞碰,偶然碰见

rub up against经过时(把…)擦着;偶然碰到(或接触到)

run up against遇到,碰到

squeeze up against(使)挤紧,(使)靠拢

名词+~

campaign against反对…的运动

case against反对…议案

charge against对…的控告

charm against驱逐…的咒符

claim against要求…的赔偿

crime against对…的犯罪

defence against对…的防御

fight against与…的斗争

guard against防护…的物件

suit against对…的诉讼

vote against投票反对…

warning against警告不要…

witness against不利于…的证人

~+名词

against (all the) odds尽管有极大的困难

against expectation(s)和所预料的相反

against nature反常的,违背人性的

against one’s better judgement明知不可取地,明知不恰当地

against one’s inclination不愿意,违背本意

against one’s will违背心愿,无可奈何

against sb’s grain格格不入,违反意愿

against the blue sky在蓝天的衬托下

against the clock拼命赶时间

against the collar(马上坡时)马轭紧抵肩部,顶着困难,吃力地

against the grain格格不入,违反意愿

against the law违法

against the tree靠着树

against the wall靠着墙壁

against time测量时间

副词+~

dead against正对着,全然反对

strongly against强烈反对

up against a/the wall陷入困境,碰壁

up against it面临困难的,面临困境的

up against a (blank,brick,stone) wall面临不可逾越的障碍,陷入绝境

against的用法

prep.(介词)

against作“反对”解时反义词是for。

against用在fight,strive,struggle等词后面,同with意思相同,不过against更强调一种困难中的反抗。

We fight for the weak against the strong.

作为介词,against后接的宾语有时可省略。

He had intended to come but somehow decided against(it).

词义辨析

prep.(介词)against, for

这两个介词均可表示目的,意思是“为了…作出准备”。其区别是:

against常指为了防备突如其来的或有迹象表明可能会发生的事情而不得不采取防范措施,带有被动的抗拒和自卫的含意; for则常指为了预防一般性的或常规性的情况而作出必要的准备,带有主动的、有组织、有准备的含意。

against, for, on, with

这四个介词均可表示“对…的态度”。其区别是:

against指在观点或主张等方面与某人采取对立的态度,意思是“反对”“与…对抗”; for指在观点或主张等方面与某人采取合作一致的态度,意思是“支持”“赞成”; on常与side连用,表示“站在…一边”; with常指在观点或主张上与某人采取一致的态度,意思是“与…一致”“与…站在一边”,但有时也可指“与…对抗”“站在…的对立面”。

词源解说

☆ 12世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古英语的agenes,意为反方向,反对。

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