advice的短句及用法归纳

时间:2020-9-20 作者:admin

  以下是小编为大家整理的advice的用法总结及短句,希望能帮助大家更好地认识advice这个单词,提高英语水平。

  advice的意思和用法:

  vt.(商业)通知,报告; 提议,建议;

  vi.接受劝告,商量; 建议,提供意见;

  advise的常用句式 1. advise doing sth 建议做某事。

  如:He advised leaving early. 他建议早点动身。I advise waiting till proper time. 我建议等到适当时机。注:不能直接后跟不定式作宾语。所以不能说:* He advised to leave early. 2. advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事。

  如:He advised me to buy a computer. 他建议我买台电脑。The doctor advised me to take a complete rest. 医生建议我完全休息。

  注:以上意思也可用后接从句的形式表达(注意从句用 should+v. 这样的虚拟语气)。

  如上面第一句也可说成:He advised that I (should) buy a computer.

  3. advise sb against doing sth 劝告某人不要做某事。如:He advised her against going out at night. 他劝她晚上不要出去。

  Her father advised her against marrying the worker. 她父亲劝告她不要嫁给这个工人。

  她父亲劝告她不要嫁给这个工人。注:该句型有时可与 advise sb not to do sth 替换。 如上面第一句也可说成:He advised her not to go out at night.

  4. advise sb of sth 通知或告知某人有某情况。如:

  Please advise us of the arrival of the goods. 货物到达时请通知我们

  advise 是个常用动词,意为“劝告”,“忠告”;“建议”。由于它的用法比较复杂,有些同学在使用时经常出错。为了帮助大家正确理解和使用 advise ,现将它的几种常见用法归纳如下。

  1. advise + 名词 / 代词 例如:

  Li Ming advised a swim after school. 李明建议放学以后去游泳。

  She will advise you about the right thing to do. 她会帮你出主意该怎么办。

  What would you advise ? 你有什么建议?

  2. advise + sb. + 不定式短语

  在这个句式中,不定式短语作 advise 的宾语补足语。例如:

  He often advised people to use their brains . 他常常劝人多用脑子。

  His wife advised him to give up smoking , but he wouldn't. 他妻子劝他把烟戒了,但他不肯。

  We strongly advised him not to do such a thing . 我们竭力劝他不要这样做。

  3. advise + sb. + 特殊疑问词 + 不定式短语

  在这个句式中,“特殊疑问词 + 不定式短语”作 advise 的宾语补足语。例如:

  She advised them how to solve the problem . 她给他们出主意怎样解决这个问题。

  He advised her what to do with family problems. 他建议她该怎样处理家庭纠纷。

  Will you advise me which one to buy ? 请你能否告诉我该买哪一个?

  4. advise + 动名词 例如:

  I advised holding a meeting to discuss the matter. 我建议开一个会来讨论这件事情。

  He advised her paying attention to her pronunciation. 他建议她注意发音。

  We advised them starting out at once. 我们建议他们立即启程。

  5. advise on sth. 或 advise sb. on sth. 例如:

  He often advises on this project. 他经常就此项工程提出建议。

  Will you advise on the plan ? 关于这项计划,请你提提意见好吗?

  They often advise us on our work . ( =They often give us some advice on our work. )他们经常就我们的工作给我们提建议。

  6. advise + sb. +against + doing sth. 例如:

  The lawyers have advised us against signing the contract. ( =The lawyers have advised us not to sign the contract. )律师建议我们不要签订这个合同。

  The teacher advised the student against dropping out of school . ( =The teacher advised the student not to drop out of school. )老师劝那个学生不要退学。

  7. advise + 宾语从句

  advise 后面接宾语从句时,从句中的谓语动词应为虚拟语气,即用“ should + 动词原形”, should 可以省略。例如:

  I advise that you (should) do it right away . 我建议你马上就做这件事情。

  Please advise me whether I (should) accept the suggestion . 请你告诉我是否应该接受这项建议。————————————————————————————–

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