时间:2020-9-18 作者:admin


  1、as 句型:

  (1) as引导方式状语从句句型:“按照……;正如……”

  例:We do farm work as the old peasant teaches us.

  As (it is) in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south. 正如(像) 你们国家一样,我们北方种植小麦,南方种植水稻。

  (2) as+形容词/副词原级+(a /an)+名词+as ;

  否定式:not as/so — as

  例:He is as good a player as his sister.


  (3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于……

  例:She is such a fool as to believe what he said.


  (4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于……

  例:He was so strong as to carry the heavy box.


  (5) such — as—象……之类的…… (接名词或定语从句)

  例:He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was.


  (6) the same +名词+as 和……一样的…… (接名词或定语从句)

  例:He is not the same man as he used to be 他不是从前的那样子了。

  (7) as 引导非限制性定语从句

  例:As is known to us, knowledge is power.众所周知,知识就是力量。


  例:We get wiser as we get older. 随着我们长大,我们也变得越来越聪明。

  (9) 引导原因状语从句,与because的用法相近

  例:As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.


  (10) 引导让步状语从句

  例:Child as he is, he knows much about science.


  2、prefer 句型:

  (1) prefer to do sth

  例:I prefer to stay at home.我宁愿呆在家里。

  (2) prefer doing sth

  例:I prefer playing in defence.我喜欢打防守。

  (3) prefer sb to do sth

  例:Would you prefer me to stay?你愿意我留下来吗?

  (4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth……宁愿……而不愿.…".

  例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out


  (5) prefer doing sth to doing sth

  例:I prefer watching football to playing it.


  (6) prefer sth to sth

  例:I prefer tea to coffee.我要茶不要咖啡。

  3、when 句型:

  (1) be doing sth —- when —

  例:He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.


  (2) be about to do sth — when —

  例:We were about to start when it began to rain.


  (3) had not done sth — when —/ hardly — when —

  例: He had not fallen asleep when the telephone rang.


  (4) had just done —- when —

  例:I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.


  4、seem 句型:

  (1) It +seems + that从句

  例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied.看来好像每个人都很满意。

  (2) It seems to sb that —

  例:It seems to me that she is right.我看她是对的,

  (3) There seems to be —-

  例:There seems to be a heavy rain.看上去要有一场大雨。

  (4) It seems as if —-

  例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.看样子她不能来上课了。


  (1) She is taller than I by three inches. 她比我高三英寸

  (2) There is one year between us. 我们之间相差一岁。

  (3)She is three years old than I她比我大三岁。

  (4) They have increased the price by 50%. 他们把价格上涨了50%

  6、what 引导的名词性从句

  (1) what 引导主语从句

  例:What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.


  [ indifferent adj.不关心的;冷漠的]

  (2) what 引导宾语从句

  例:We can learn what we do not know. 我们能学会我们不懂的东西。

  (3) what 引导表语从句

  例:That is what I want.那正是我所要的。

  (4) what 引导同位语从句

  例:I have no idea what they are talking about. 我不知道他们正在谈论什么.


  (1) too…to do sth.

  例:Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.

  (=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)


  (2) only too — to do sth

  例:I shall be only too pleased to get home.我要回到家里就非常高兴。

  (3) too + adj + for sth

  例:These shoes are much too small for me.我穿这双鞋太小了。

  (4) too + adj + a + n.

  例:This is too difficult a text for me.这篇课文对我来说太难了。

  (5)can't … too +形容词无论……也不为过

  例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.



  (1) where 引导的定语从句

  例:This is the house where he lived last year. 这就是他去年住过的房子。

  (2) where 引导的状语从句

  例:Where there is a will,there is a way.有志者事竟成。

  He left his key where he could find.他将钥匙放在易找到的地方。

  I will go where I want to go.我要去我想去的地方。

  (3) where引导的表语从句

  例:This is where you are wrong.这正是你错的地方。

  注:引导状语从句的where= 介词+the place where (定语从句)

  例:Go where(ver) you are most needed.到最需要你的地方去。

  9、wish 句型

  (1) wish that sb did sth希望某人现在做某事

  例:I wish I were as strong as you. 我希望和你一样强壮。

  (2) wish that sb had done sth希望某人过去做某事

  例: I wish you had told me earlier要是你早点告诉我就好了。

  (3) wish that sb would/could do sth希望某人将来做某事

  例:I wish you would succeed this time. 我希望你这次会成功。

  10、would rather 句型:

  (1) would rather do sth than do sth 宁愿做……而不愿做……

  例:She would rather die than turn against his motherland.


  (2) would rather have done sth 宁愿过去做过某事

  例:I would rather have taken his advice.我宁愿过去接受他的意见。

  (3) would rather sb had done sth宁愿某人过去做过某事

  例:I would rather I had passed the examination last week.


  (4) would rather sb did sth宁愿某人现在或将来做某事

  例: Who would you rather went with you? 你宁愿谁和你一起去?

  11、before 句型:

  (1) before sb can/ could … 某人还没来得及……

  例:Before I could get in a word ,he had measured me.


  (2) It will be +时间+ before + 还有多长时间……

  例:It will be 4 years before he graduates. 他还有四年时间变毕业了。

  (3) had done some timebefore(才……)

  例:We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land.


  (4)had not done — before —不到……就……

  例:We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired.


  (5) It was not +一段时间+ before不多久就……

  例:It wasn’t two years before he left the country.



  (1) It is /was +被强调部分+that(who)…

  例:It was I who wrote to my uncle yesterday.


  (2) Is/was it + 被强调部分 + that (who) …

  例:Was it your brother that you met in the street?


  (3) Where/who/what/how等特殊疑问词 + is/was it that …

  例:How is it that you will go to visit her tomorrow?


  (4) do +谓语动词(强调谓语)

  例:They do know the place well. 他们的确很熟悉那个地方。


  (1) should like to/ would like to/ would love to have done sth.

  例:You should like to have written to your mother.


  (2) was / were going to do sth.(用过去将来时态表示原打算做什么)

  例:Lucy was going to watch a basketball match.

  Lucy 原打算看一场篮球比赛。

  (3) was / were going to have done sth. 表示未完成原来的计划和安排

  例:Lily was going to have cleaned her bedroom, but she had no time.

  Lily 原打算清理她的卧室,但她没时间。

  (4) expect, intend, hope, mean, plan, promise, suppose, think,

  want, wish …



  例:She had supposed him to be very rich.她原以为他很有钱。

  (5) wish that …had done sth.表示过去未曾实现的愿望.

  例:I wish he had been here yesterday. 要是他昨天在这儿就好了。

  (6) 情态动词should ,would, could, might, ought to等后接不定式的完成时,


  should have done =ought to have done本应该做而没做

  would have done = 本来就会去做某事而没做

  could have done = 本可以做某事而没做

  might have done本可以做而没做

  例:They ought to have apologized.他们本该道歉的。



  例:The room is twice larger than that one.这个房间是那个房间的两倍大。

  There is 30 times greater chance of being hit by lightening than being attacked by a shark.


  例:The room is three times as large as that one.


  (3)倍数+the size /height/length /weight /width of…

  例:The room is three times the size of that one.


  15、 It is —— that —- 句型

  (1) It is + 名词 + 从句

  It is a fact/an honour —that+陈述语气从句

  例:It is a fact that the earth moves around the sun.


  It is a pity/shame/no wonder that+ 虚拟语气从句

  例:It is a pity that he should not come. 他若不来可真是遗憾。

  (2) It is + 形容词 + 从句

  It is natural/important/necessary/strange that + 虚拟语气从句

  例:It is important that enough money be collected to fund the project.


  It is obvious/apparent/clear that+ 陈述语气从句

  例:It is clear that she doesn't like the dress at all.


  (3) It + 过去分词 + 从句

  It is generally/commonly believed /accepted/thought/heldthat …


  例:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.


  It is suggested/ordered/desired/requested/decided that +虚拟语气从句

  例句:It is suggested that we should hold a meeting next week.


  16、It + 不及物动词 + 从句

  (1) It seems that

  例:It seems that Alice is not coming to the party at all.


  (2) It happened that………很偶然.

  例:It happened that I won the football lottery last week.


  (3) It occurred to sb that…

  例句:It suddenly occurred to me thatI knew how to solve that problem.


  (4) It appears that….

  例: It appears that Tom might change his mind.看来汤姆会改变主意。



  例:English is not so difficult a subject as Russia.


  Their bones are not as thick as adults’.



  例:The weather of this year is a lot hotter than that of last year.



  例:The restoration was so bad that it made some of the buildings less secure than they had been before.


  (4) The + -er + S + V, — the + -er + S + V —

  The + more + Adj + S + V, — the + more + Adj + S + V —


  例:The harder you work, the more progress you make.


  The more books we read, the more learned we become.


  (5) more…. than…与其说…倒不如说

  例:Smith is more diligent than intelligent.


  (6) no +形容词比较级+ than = as +形容词的反义词+as

  例:I am no better at English than you. 我的英语不比你好。

  (7) that 在前后比较中代替不可数名词和特指的单数可数名词

  例:The traditional picture of St Nicholas is quite different from that

  of Father Christmas.

  (8) one 在前后比较中代替泛指的单数可数名词。

  例:I prefer a flat in Beijing to one in Nanjing, because I want to live near

  my Mom's. 与南京相比我更喜欢在北京有一套公寓,因为我想跟我妈妈住一起。

  (9) those 在前后比较中代替 特指的复数可数名词。

  例:Salaries are higher here than those in my country.


  (10) ones 在前后比较中代替泛指的复数可数名词

  例:Cars do cause us some health problems — in fact far more serious ones

  than mobile phones do.汽车确实给我们的身体健康带来问题,事实上比手机造成的问题更严重。


  (1) What a + Adj + N + S + V!

  例:What an important thing it is to keep our promise!


  (2) How + Adj + a + N + V!(多么…!)

  例:How important a thing it is to keep our promise!


  (3) How + S + V!

  例句:How I want to go to Beijing. 我多么想去北京啊!


  (1) must have done sth 一定做过某事 否定形式:can't have done

  例:She must have come here last night. 她一定是昨晚来的。

  She can't have gone there她不可能到那儿去。

  (2) may have done sth可能做过某事否定形式:may not have done

  例:Philip may have been hurt seriously in the car accident.

  Philip 可能在这次车祸中伤得很严重。

  (3) might have done sth 或许做过某事 否定形式: might not have done

  例:She might have known what the bottle contained.


  (4) should have done sth 估计已经做了某事

  否定形式:should not have done

  例:She should have arrived in her office by now.



  (1) It takes / took / will take sb. some time / money to do sth.


  例句:It took me years of hard work to speak good English.


  (2) It is + adj +for/of sb to do sth

  例:Lincoln said that it was not right for the South to break away from the


  It was careless of Tom to break the cup.

  (3) Sb. have / has / had no choice but to do… 某人除了做……别无选择.

  例句:We had no choice but to take a taxi for we'd missed the last bus.


  (4) It's not /just like sb. to do sth.……的行为不/正像某人的一贯作风.

  例:lt's not like Jim to be late for class. He regards time as the most

  important thing in life.


  (5) ….形容词/副词+enough to do sth.

  例:I was fortunate enough to travel to South Africa..

  (6) It pays to + V — (…是值得的。)

  例句:It pays to help others. 帮助别人是值得的。

  (7) It cost sb some time/money to do sth

  例:It must cost a good deal to live here.住这儿一定会花很多钱的。

  (8) do all he could to do sth

  do what he could to do sth

  do everything he could to do sth

  例:They were doing everything they could to help the fatherland.


  (9) It is hard to imagine/ say …很难想象/说……

  例:It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each


  It's hard to say whether the plan is practical.



  (1)…have trouble/difficulty/a hard time/a difficult time (in) doing sth.


  例:People from the two countries do not have any difficulty in understanding each other.


  (2) upon/on doing sth, 一……就……

  例:Upon / On hearing the unexpected news, he was so surprised that hecouldn't say a word.


  (3) There is no/some difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth.

  例:There is no difficulty in solving this social problem.


  (4) There is no need/use harm/hurry in doing sth

  例:There is no need in sending such expensive present.


  (5) spend some time/money (in) doing sth

  例:They say children spend too much time chatting and playing games instead of focusing on their school work.


  (6) It's no use / good/ worth doing sth

  例:It’s no use talking with him. He won’t listen to you.


  (7) It's a waste of time/money/energy doing

  例:It's a waste of time watching TV programme as this.

  22、as if/though 句型:

  例:He spoke to me as if I were deaf.


  The new students talked as though they had been friends for years.



  (1) 与过去事实相反

  例:If the man had pointed with his first finger while he was in Brunei, everyone would have thought that he was very rude.


  (2) 与现在事实相反

  例:If I were in your position, I would call the police immediately.


  (3) 与将来事实相反

  例:If I had (should have) time tomorrow, I would certainly help you.


  (4) 虚拟条件句中的倒装:

  例:Should it rain, the crops would grow better.


  Were I your father, I would not give you the money.


  Had it not been for the captain, the ship would have sunk


  24、Not — until 句型

  (1) 陈述句 not — until — 直到……才

  例:Last night I didn't go to bed until 11 o'clock. 昨晚我11点钟才睡觉。

  (2) 强调句It wasn't until…that… 直到……才…….

  例:It wasn't until yesterday that I got your letter.


  (3) 倒装句 Not until…did… 直到……才…….

  例:Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted.


  25、since 句型:

  (1) Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式

  例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.


  (2) It is +— + since +持续性谓语动词(表否定)

  例:It is three years since she lived here. 她已三年不住这儿了。

  (3) It is + — + since S + 瞬间谓语动词(表肯定)

  例:It is years since I stopped smoking).我戒烟已经数年了。

  26、If only…! 真希望……!若是……那该多好啊!

  (1) 谓语动词用过去式表现在:如:

  例:If only I knew his name! 要是我知道他的名字就好了。

  (2) 谓语动词用过去完成时表过去:如:

  例:If only we had followed your advice! 我们要是采纳你的意见就好了。

  (3) 谓语动词用could/would表将来:如:

  例:If only I could see him again! 要是我能再看到他多好啊!

  If only she would accept my invitation!



  (1) Adj./n./adv. + as/ though+ Subject(主词)+ be, S + V— (虽然…)

  例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory.


  (2) No matter what等特殊疑问词……无论什么…….

  例句:No matter what happens, I'll always stand by you.


  (3) However + adj/adv + S + V,尽管……

  例:You won't be able to do it alone, however much you try.


  (4) whatever/whoever/whenever/wherever + S + V,无论什么/哪里……

  例:Wherever I am I will be thinking of you. 不管我在哪里我都会想到你。

  (5) whether… or not

  例:Whether you like it or not, you'll have to do it.


  (6) even if/though

  例:Even if/Even though the exercise is very difficult, you must do it.



  (1) so/as/that/too/how +adj. + a/an + n.

  例:He is as good a student as you. 他和你一样是个好学生。

  This is too difficult a problem for me.对我来说这是一个太难的问题。

  You can hardly imagine how clever a boy he is.


  (2) quite/rather/what/such/many + a/an + (adj) +n

  例:She sang quite a beautiful song. 她的歌唱得很漂亮。

  He was such a fool as to believe what she said.


  (3) all/both/half/twice the + n

  例:All the students in her class like her very much.



  (1) Nothing is + — er than to + V

  Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V

  例:Nothing is more important than to receive education.


  (2) no one (nobody, nothing)+so/as+原级+as

  例:Nobody is so blind as those who will not see.


  (3) 比较级+than + any other +名词单数

  比较级+than +anything(anyone)else

  比较级+than + any of the others

  例:Bamboo probably has more uses than any other plant in the world.

  (4) 否定词 +比较级

  例:It can’t be worse.这是最糟的

  I can’t agree any more.我非常同意。

  (5) be the last —-

  例:This is the last thing I want to do. 这是我最不想干的事。

  30、more — than 句型:

  (1) more — than与其……不如……

  例:He is more lazy than slow at his work.

  = He is less slow than lazy at his work.


  (2) more than超过;不仅仅是;非常

  例:These flags are more than just colorful pieces of cloth and thread sewn together. 这些旗子不只是不同颜色的布料和丝线逢在一起。

  (3) not more than最多,不超过

  例:They finished the project in not more than one year.


  (4) no more than仅仅

  例:The officials could see no more than the Emperor.


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